AMT 1/25 1953 Studebaker Starliner

KIT #: A1251
PRICE: $25.00
DECALS: One option
REVIEWER: John Summerford
NOTES: Option to build one of three versions

HISTORY

Courtesy of Classic Driver

Studebakers boasted spectacular styling for 1953 courtesy of designer Bob Bourke of the Raymond Loewy studio based in Studebakerís hometown of South Bend, Indiana. The dramatically sleek car, inspired by the Lockheed Constellation, was astoundingly low by 1953 standards at just 56.3 inches high while accentuated by a long 120.5 wheelbase. The drive train was a 232-cid, 120-hp V-8 and automatic transmission. What should have been a magnificent sales year for Studebaker, turned out to be a rather ho-hum one at-best. Studebaker focused more on sedans rather than coupes, and production ills developed as front-end sheet metal failed to fit the coupe body at first. Demand for the new coupes outpaced sedans four-to-one catching Studebaker product planners off-guard while a strike at the Borg Warner plant curtailed availability of automatic transmissions. The car received numerous design awards and today serves as a landmark of modern design. 19,236 Commander Starliner Coupes were produced for the model year of a total 151,576 Studebakers; fewer than the 1952 model year, dropping the company to tenth in industry sales.

THE KIT

Frequent readers may suspect that Iím not much of a car guy, so it took some packaging to get my attention. While cruising the website of my (nearly) LHS, the photo of the lid to this tin box and the headline caught my attention. Readers may also suspect that I gravitate to more unusual subjects, so when the package appeared on my doorstep, I quickly tore into the box.

My first observation was that the parts are nicely packed into 12 bags. The second observation was that this is very much a mid-60s mold. Little flash is present on my example, but there are heavy seamlines to clean up. Round 2 proudly notes in the preamble to the instructions that the sprue gates on the chromed pieces are on the back side of the parts. It looks to me that many of the seams are also strategically located.

The total parts count is 113, but which parts are used depends of which version one chooses to build--stock, custom, or racer. The custom version will require some surgery to lower the roof. It, and the racer, use the tinted window parts. The tires are vinyl and come with a white-wall trim that looks to be too narrow.

The first step calls for building the engine, either standard or racer. Spark plug wires are not supplied. The next two steps concern the chassis-wheels, then the interior. The instructions are clear as to which parts to use for which version. A metal axle is provided for the rear wheels and a complete suspension is built up for the front wheels and should be able to posed in a turn. There are no decals for the dashboard. Color notes are generic, indicating paints such as ďsteelĒ, ďblackĒ, or ďinterior colorĒ. What interior, or exterior, color to use is left up to the imagination. Step four is the body assembly and the final step is about external details that depend on the chosen version.

CONSTRUCTION

More than an hour-and-a-half was spent cleaning the seams on the body, interior tub, and chassis to start the build. Repeated test fits of the three pieces were done and a build strategy began to form. The first piece glued was the front stock pan, which sits below the bumper, onto the body, as called for in Step 4. The seams on the side were filled and sanded smooth.

Satisfied, the engine was assembled. Examining the illustration closely, I noticed that the cylinder head pieces are handed. Part 3 is the right bank and part 4 the left. The intake manifold is keyed to heads and the instructions donít mention that. The chromed pieces were left off to be added until after painting. Some parts needed to have their mold seams cleaned up before gluing.

After setting the engine aside, the front wheels were assembled. The fit of the inner wheel rims and the hub caps to the vinyl tires was loose enough that some glue had to be added from the inner faces. Brake drums and backing plates were glued to the inner wheel rims, then each wheel assembly glued to kingpins. I read the diagram as indicating that the kingpins are handed, but that may not make much of a difference. Iím not sure if the engineering is supposed to allow for the wheels to roll., Regardless, I glued them into a solid assembly.

The coil springs were glued to the frame. I deviated from instructions (of course I did) and skipped press fitting the tie rod ends to the kingpins and instead glued the lower A-frames stabilizer bar piece to the frame, then snapped the kingpins between A-frame mounts. Before placing the idler arm in place, I had to add a piece of rod to replace a missing pin.

Doubling back to the tie rods, I pressed one in place for the left wheel and found that it swiveled nicely to pose the wheel in a turn. The tie rod on the right side was so loose that, again, I had to glue it place, locking both wheels into a shallow left turn.

Masking was wrapped around the wheels so that the suspension, frame, and engine could be sprayed semi-gloss black. When the paint cured, the chromed distributor cap was glued to the engine, then a scratch-built spark plug harness glued to each cylinder bank. (It is so difficult to see that I wonder if it was worth the effort.) The valve covers and oil filter were glued in place, completing the engine.

Once the engine was glued in place, the exhaust system was installed. The head pipe didnít mate cleanly with the exhaust manifold, so gap filling cyano anchored that end. The gap for the cross over pipe was worse, so a dab of filler reinforced with cyano filled it. Next came the installation of the rear wheels and suspension. When building up the wheels I realized that I had installed the inner rings on the front wheel incorrectly, with the wrong side facing outward. By turning the ring over, I got a nice, tight, fit inside the tire. The last piece to install on the chassis was the drive shaft. Trimming on both ends was needed to get it to fit.

COLORS & MARKINGS

Before gluing anything together in the interior, the upholstery and sides were primed then masked and painted in a two-tone blue scheme. The carpet, back shelf, and dash were sprayed light gray and the chrome trim in the dash, along with the window cranks were swiped with a felt tip chrome paint pen. The dials were given a wash of black then a white artistís pencil was drawn over the raised numbers.

The car body has the same colors as the interior, so the lower body was masked for the painting of the roofís darker color. Unfortunately, while painting the roof, some pieces of lint landed on the wet paint, so those areas needed to be sanded and re-painted. My preference is to wet-sand so that loose particles wonít clog the sandpaper. Either I used too much water, or I sanded too vigorously, or some combination of the two, but the result was a spectacular chipping effect, which would be great for an armor model.

So, more primer was sprayed on, then sanded, repeat, and get more chipping. After the fourth time not getting good results, I decided that what I was doing bordered on the definition of insanity so the roof was stripped down to bare plastic to start over. (I guess this proves that, while we modelers may go to extreme lengths for our hobby, were not crazy.)

When the roof was finely done, it was masked and the lower portion of the body was successfully painted, then a hole drilled for the radio antenna. The raised chrome detail was giving a carful swipe with the chrome pen, a very quick and easy way of highlighting the detail. The windshield wipers are molded into the body making it easy to use the side of a brush to paint the rubber wipes. A gloss coat was then sprayed over the entire body.

FINAL CONSTRUCTION

Returning to the interior, the parts dropped into place without any fuss. The steering wheel was installed rotated slightly to the left to match the front wheels. Note that the steering shaft doesnít connect with the front wheels. I donít know enough about the linkage to scratch build the parts, so I left it alone. The interior tub was then glued to the frame.

Moving on to the next step, the clear hinge piece for the hood was threaded through the firewall and floats in place. It would be nice if the pivot pins snap into a recess, but they donít. The instructions call for gluing the hood to the hinge. I saved that for after attaching the body to the chassis. The engine compartment is completed by inserting the battery, radiator, and its shroud.

After putting on some latex gloves, the clear windows were removed from the sprues and maneuvered into place. The fit was good enough to flow liquid cement in spots to secure them. The review mirror butt fits to the roof behind the windshield.

Despite the many test fittings at the beginning of the build, I had to take a deep breath before trying a test fit of the built-up body to the built-up chassis and interior. It was a good thing that I didnít bother to complete the steering linkage because the steering wheel shaft interfered with the firewall. so that was clipped of by the sprue cutters. There are positive locating bumps on the body and dimples on the frame ahead of the front wheels, but the back end doesnít have any locating points. After the glue had cured at the front, the rear bumper was used as a guide to identify where to glue the body to the rear wheel well.

Somehow, the hood hinge piece became locked in the closed position. Now the hood just floats in place so that the engine can be viewed. The last mechanical piece to attach was the upper radiator hose. (There is no lower hose supplied.) This piece didnít fit well, but some dabs of cyano glue filled the gaps. The hose was painted a rubber color and the hose clamp details aluminum.

I wondered if it would be better to add the chrome pieces to the body before attaching it to the chassis, or follow the instructions and install them in the final step. I followed the instructions and everything worked out well. The lenses were glued to the headlight trim, then to the body. The grills lay in their recesses, so cyano was smeared there and the pieces dropped into place. Cyano was also smeared along the upper lips of the body for the bumpers. The tail lights and the radio antenna were glued in place and the final piece was the side view mirror.

CONCLUSIONS

I donít recall ever reading the name of a part as; ďLower A-frames stabilizer barĒ before this build and that added to the exoticness of this experience for me. Your esteemed editor indicated to me that he considers AMT to be a second-tier car kit manufacturer and I feel that way regarding their aircraft kits. The clean-up and fit issues encountered with this build supports that opinion. However, the car body molding is very good and that makes up for problems under the hood. If I had more experience with car kits, I might have had an easier time with it, but I didnít encounter any surprises or major issues. If I were to build another stock factory engine, Iíd probably strip off the chrome finish and brush on some paint. Iím pleased with the stylishness of the Starliner and the roughly 30 hours spent on the build was enjoyable. The last car model I built was Mobiusí 1953 Hudson Hornet. The two contemporary cars make a striking pairing on the shelf.

John Summerford

24 June 2022

Copyright ModelingMadness.com. All rights reserved. No reproduction in part or in whole without express permission.

If you would like your product reviewed fairly and fairly quickly, please contact the editor or see other details in the Note to Contributors.

Back to the Main Page

Back to the Review Index Page

Back to the Previews Index Page