Osprey's Soviet T-55 Main Battle Tank
|James Kinnear & Stephen Sewell|
192 pages, Hardbound
The T-55 was a fairly natural progression of the previous T-54, in the same way that the M60 was a progression of the M48. It was obvious fairly early in the 1950s that the T-44 would not be able to hold its own in the projected battle fields of Europe so a new tank was required. This tank needed to have more armor and a bigger gun. Thus, after the usual political infighting among the tank factories, the T-55 was borne.
The major differences between it and the T-44 was a bit more armor, a larger gun, and the inclusion of some sort of crew protection from fallout from tactical nuclear devices. In upgraded tanks, gun stabilization was added, first in the vertical and later in the horizontal as well. This allowed the the tank to fire on the move (in theory anyway).
To say that the tank was a success would be a bit of an understatement as it is considered by many to be the most produced tank of all time. For sure it is one of the most exported with not only all Warsaw Pact, but all Soviet-friendly nations receiving a goodly number of these tanks. It was also build under license in Poland and Czechoslovakia with the Chinese reverse engineering it as the Type 59. Even the Israelis operated nearly 200 of these from those captured from the Egyptians during their conflicts with that nation.
As with most tanks, a variety of different variations were produced. This included kits to allow it to ford deep water and pontoons to allow it to cross rivers and lakes. There were engineering vehicles, bridge layers, mine destruction vehicles and armored recovery vehicles to name just a few of the many types.
While never used in combat in Europe, it was used widely in the middle east and in other conflicts throughout the world. In battle it generally ended up second best, not only due to fairly poor training, but also that it faced more capable tanks. It was especially vulnerable against attack helos and anti-tank weapons of all sorts. This led to all sorts of different armor enhancements being used to prevent penetration of these weapons/rounds.
In this book, the authors have obviously done their research (and not without considerable help in Russia according to the introduction to the book). This includes not only the design of the tank but also the rather convoluted politics of the time among designers. The full history of its development along with the different variants and variations are all included. Brief examples of its multiple war involvements is also included. What is surprising is that this tank is still in use with some world military arms as of this writing.
In all, it makes for the best history of the type I have read. A book that I can quite easily recommend to you as well.
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