Retromechanix' Northrop N-63 Convoy Fighter
|Jared A. Zichek|
44 pages, 8½ x11
ISBN: 978-0-9968754-1-7. Also available in digital format
During the last years of WWII and into the 1950s, the pace of aviation development was staggering. Advances were coming so quickly that what was top of the line one year, was nearing obsolescence just a few years later. It was also a time of innovation where the military was not afraid to try something new and designers were more than happy to stretch their abilities as well.
Such was the case of the Convoy Fighter. This was a plan to allow ships in a convoy to carry a plane or two for self protection against enemy bombers without the requirement for a large and expensive aircraft carrier. The specifications called for a turboprop powered aircraft that could land and take off vertically without the need for complex handling apparatus. It should also be able to operate from a ship that was moving and so had to be able to handle not only fore and aft movement but also side to side motion. These are the motions that make most first time voyagers sea-sick.
Proposals were submitted by several companies and two were chosen. These became the Convair XFY-1 and the Lockheed XFV-1. Both of these planes flew, though only the Convair entry was able to take off and land vertically. The main issue was the lack of power from available turboprop engines and the difficulty of landing.
This book covers the third of the paper proposals, this time, the Northrop N-63. The one was similar to the others in that it would be powered by an XT-40 turboprop and it was designed to be a tail sitter, so would not require any special handling equipment, unlike the Martin proposal. The aircraft was the usual stubby design and had short, straight wings with the guns in wing tip pods, which seemed like the standard for these planes.
Northrop went several steps farther than the other proposals by offering proof of concept prototypes prior to going on to the main design. There were actually two of these POC aircraft, one very similar to the end result and another on conventional landing gear with the tail section somewhat reversed to the final product. Naturally, these additonal POC aircraft raised the overall cost of the project considerably, but Northrop also provided options without them and in fact recommended not using them. Northrop also did some wind tunnel testing with models to help smooth out the design and passed that information along to the Navy prior to decision making. Still, the project would have been expensive and like the other rejected projects, was determined by the Navy to be heavier than projected and for this reason, as well as their hesitancy to deal with Northrop, based on their experience before the war with the BT-1, pretty well killed what looked like one of the more viable options.
In this book, the author covers every known aspect of the Northrop N-63 project including a wealth of engineering drawings of the aircraft in question along with the original and updated brochure offered by Northrop. There are also artists impressions of these aircraft as well as full color profiles of what might have been. It makes for a fascinating look into what might have been and sheds some light on a little known aviation project.
My thanks to www.retromechanix.com for providing the review sample. You can get yours here.
If you would like your product reviewed fairly and fairly quickly, please contact the editor or see other details in the Note to Contributors.
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