Hasegawa 1/72 FW-190A & Ju-88G-1 "Mistel S2"

KIT #: 01975
PRICE: 3,360 yen (about $43.00)  on discount from www.hlj.com
DECALS: Two Options
REVIEWER: Scott Van Aken
NOTES: Two kits. Updated parts to make the Mistel

HISTORY

The
Mistel (German for "Mistletoe"), also known as Beethoven-Gerät (Beethoven Device) and Vati und Sohn (Daddy and Son), was a Luftwaffe composite aircraft type of bomber introduced in the later stages of World War II.

Mistel was originally a bomber airframe, usually a Junkers Ju 88 variant, with the entire nose-located crew compartment replaced by a specially-designed nose filled with a large load of explosive, with a fighter aircraft on top, joined to the bomber by struts. The combination would be flown to its target by a pilot in the fighter; then the unmanned bomber was released to hit its target and explode, leaving the fighter free to return to base. The first such composite aircraft flew in July 1943 and was promising enough to begin a programme by Luftwaffe test unit KG 200, code-named "Beethoven".

The definitive Mistel warhead was a shaped charge of nearly two tons in weight fitted with a copper or aluminium liner. The use of a shaped charge was expected to allow penetration of up to 7 meters of reinforced concrete.

Some 250 Mistels of various combinations were built during the war, but met with limited success. They were first flown in combat against the Allied invasion fleet during Battle of Normandy, targeting the British-held harbour at Courseulles-sur-Mer.

While Mistel pilots claimed hits, none of these match Allied records; they may have been made against the hulk of the old French battleship Courbet, which had been included as a component of the Mulberry harbour at Arromanches and specially dressed up as a decoy by the Allies. Serious blast and shrapnel damage from a near miss was suffered by HMS Nith, a floating headquarters, on 24 June. Nine men were killed and 26 wounded, and Nith was towed back to England for repairs.

A second opportunity to use the Mistels, in Scapa Flow in 1944, was abandoned after the sinking of the German battleship Tirpitz led to the departure of all the Royal Navy's major surface units from the target.

As part of Operation Iron Hammer in late 1943 and early 1944, Mistels were selected to carry out key raids against Soviet weapons-manufacturing facilities—specifically, electricity-generating power stations around Moscow and Gorky. These plants were known to be poorly defended by the Soviets and irreplaceable. However, before the plan could be implemented the Red Army had entered Germany, and it was decided to use the Mistels against their bridgehead at Küstrin instead. On 12 April 1945, Mistels attacked the bridges being built there, but the damage caused was negligible and delayed the Soviet forces for only a day or two. Subsequent Mistel attacks on other bridges being thrown across the Oder were similarly ineffective.

The Mistel 2 was a combination of the FW-190A-8 or F-8 combined with a Ju-88G-1 airframe. The trainer version, which had no warhead, was the Mistel S2.

THE KIT

This one is a bit unique in terms of Hasegawa's double kits. It mates the venerable Hasegawa 1/72 FW-190A-8 kit with their Ju-88G-1 night fighter kit and includes the additional bits needed to make the unusual Mistel combination.

This is not the first Mistel in this scale as Italeri did the Mistel 1 using their Ju-88 and horrible Bf-109F kit in 1/72. AMtech also did the lower component of a Mistel 3B/Fahrungsmachine with the Ju-88H.  In 1/48, one of the first Dragon/DML kits ever produced was the Mistel 2 using their 190A-8/88G-1 kit. However, 1/48 takes up a huge amount of room so having one in 1/72 is a real boon to most modelers.

The FW-190A-8 kit is no stranger to dedicated 1/72 modelers, and the molds have held up quite well over the last 20 or so years. The 190 bag includes the Mistel braces and the huge drop tank the was used by the 190. Apparently these aircraft did not have any wing guns as the inner cannon are shown to be cut off and the holes for the outer ones are to be filled.

The main component of the Mistel is, of course, the Ju-88G. At this stage of the war, there were plenty of Ju-88Gs available as fuel was a major issue that reduced night fighter operations. Apparently it has been planned for a long time to do a Mistel as the inner upper wings have holes ready to be drilled out to accept the braces for the 190. The holes for the nose radar will also have to be filled in and there are plates to put over where the fuselage antennas would go. Other than that, the kit is exactly the same as their standard G-1. This means that the cockpit is fairly well appointed with decals used for the various instrument panels and faces.

As an addition to this kit, there is a pretty good size photo etch fret included. The major components of this fret are the front and rear braces for the 190 as well as a very long ladder assembly. The forward 190 brace is peculiar to the trainer to keep the nose of the 190 from accidentally 'dipping' into the cockpit and snuffing the crew. Mission aircraft would not need that. As you might have guessed, the trainer was to train the 190 pilot to fly what had to be a cumbersome combo. The Ju-88 crew was only there as a safety measure.

Markings are for two combos. The box art set is from 6./KG 200 based in Denmark during early 1945. The FW-190 is in RLM 74/75/76 with fuselage mottling while the Ju-88 is in RLM 76 with RLM 75 upper surface mottling. The rudder on this one is in RLM 74/75 and is obviously a replacement. The other is from an unknown unit at the end of the war. Again 74/75/76 for the 190 with side mottling being much heavier. The Ju-88 is in RLM 76 with tight squiggles all over the airframe in RLM 81/82. The decal sheet is pretty good sized and is up to Hasegawa's usual standards.

CONSTRUCTION

Starting what can be a complex kit like this is always a bit of a poser. In this instance, I decided to begin this build by tackling the easiest part, and that is building the FW-190A-8. This venerable kit has been around for decades and is still considered to be the best 190 in this scale. Since it has been the subject of so many boxings, there are a ton of areas that can be drilled out on the lower wing. The instructions are very specific on just which ones to do so, grabbing a #68 drill bit, I proceeded to open them up four of them as well as two on the upper wings. With that done, I cemented the wings together. I was somewhat surprised by the gaps on the leading edge and think these may have been caused by the alignment pins so I would recommend removing those prior to cementing. I also took this time to cement the large fuel tank halves together.

The interior had the seat installed before painting it and the inside of the fuselage halves with RLM 66. Back at the wings, the gaps were filled with super glue as were the outer cannon openings. The area around these need to be sanded down and the inner gun barrels removed as well. I would have thought that the lower wing shell ejector chute pieces would have been sanded off as well, but there is no indication that it is the case.

Before gluing in the interior and mating the fuselage halves, I installed a set of Eduard pre-painted belts. The fuselage was assembled and after filling and sanding (which was not all that much), the wing was attached. Fit is actually very good with only a tad of filler needed on one wing root. Fit of the upper cowling section is also quite good. The tailplanes were then glued on and I painted the area behind the cockpit and the instrument anti-glare panel in RLM 66.

During all of this, I started on the Ju-88. First order of business was some paint. Interior bits got RLM 66 while the wheel wells and struts and inner gear doors got a dose of RLM 02. I then glued the wheel wells to the inside of the upper wing and then attached the lower wing and the engine nacelle insert. This latter piece fit very well on one wing, but did not on the other. In both cases there were somewhat large gaps that needed filled and after much filling and sanding were acceptable. The wing tip inserts were the same. On one wing it fit well and on the other it did not.

I slowly built up the cockpit during this as there are not only a lot of pieces, but a lot of decals to install. The decals did go on quite well so that was nice. The fuselage was cemented together after painting and installing the ADF antenna. I also glued together the fin and horizontal stabs for latter use. There are two bomb bay inserts to glue on. These fit fairly well, though nothing I build goes filler free!. With the cleaning of the fuselage bits, the fin was glued in place. I should mention that the instructions will have you glue in the tail wheel assembly at this time. Well, I know that I would break it and during test fitting before the fuselage halves were glued, determined that it could be installed once the fuselage was complete.

The model will have a solid nose so a number of clear parts that would normally fit in the nose were glued in place. These were then filled in with super glue and after several applications and sanding, I got a smooth nose in these areas. The nose cap also needed the antenna mounting holes filled in and this was done. During this, I glued on the tail planes and the fin/rudder. I then glued on the wings. Fit for all these was fairly good, though there were a few gaps on the fin. There are a bunch of small intakes and exhausts around the engines that need to be glued on. No placement area is shown on the plastic so you have to use the drawings in the instructions for placement. For this scheme, I did not use the cooling intakes on the fuselage.

The next step on this was to mask and install the clear bits. This took a while but eventually all but the rear machine gun mount were masked and the parts fit onto the fuselage. Back at the wings, I painted up and assembled the engines, gluing those in place. With a fairly complete airframe, all the wheel wells and engine openings were stuffed with tissue in preparation for painting.

Back at the 190, the canopy was masked and glued in place. The frames for the canopy are very difficult to see as the mold has been used so much. I had to prescribe the frames before applying the masking material in order to see them. A bit of a pain, really.

With both airframes ready for paint, I headed for the paint shop.

COLORS & MARKINGS

To be honest, the FW-190 was ready to paint before the Ju-88 so I did that one first. The decal sheet I was to use by AIMS, is totally devoid of color information regarding the option I wanted to do. I guess the assumption is that we all know what colors these planes are to be painted. The only saving grace is that I had the reference book by Classic Publications on the Mistel from whence the decal options were taken. The color profile led me to believe that this was not only a 190F-8, but also in the darker camouflage scheme of RLM 81/82 over 76. The fuselage side was unmottled until it came to the fin/rudder and the area inside the fuselage insignia was also light blue. After the usual fussing around with masking and fixing overspray, I carefully cut the upper portion of the fuselage decal and outlined it in pencil. Then I painted the area slightly inside it with RLM 76 before using the decals, erasing the markings prior to the next step.

Once the painting was done, I sprayed on a couple of Future coats and installed the landing gear legs. I then used both AIMS sheet decals and the stencils from the Hasegawa sheet. Both sets of decals worked just great. I found the wing walk decals on the Hasegawa sheet to be a bit large, but easily trimmed. With decals in place, it was given a semi-matte clear finish. More on building this one a bit later, but now to the Ju-88

The Ju-88 was overall RLM 76 with RLM 75 and RLM 82 mottling. I first applied all the RLM 75 splotches before going back and filling in with RLM 82. It was difficult to see if the green was on the upper surfaces, but the photos in the reference book had that area appear pretty densely painted. The cockpit area had the sections around it masked and that was painted RLM 66. I should have painted that area first then masked as the underlying RLM 76 peeks through when the tape was removed. The area on the left side that should have had a pair of cooling intakes, were repainted RLM 76. I also needed to paint RLM 02 where the old code letters were applied, but had to wait to paint that until after the insignia were in place. I glued in the main gear and the tail gear after removing the tissue. It also got a coat of Future. For this one, I used all AIMS markings. Apparently the Ju-88 was devoid of stencils, unlike the FW-190. After applying the insignia and letting it dry, I broke out the RLM 02 and carefully sprayed where the missing code letters would be. This area was then clear coated again and the code letters applied. Again, a clear matte was applied once the decals were on. I used Mr. Mark Softer applied lightly for all the decals to prevent silvering.

FINAL CONSTRUCTION

First the FW-190. This had the wheels attached and one has to take care to get them on straight as the attachment point, like that of the main gear, is rather loose. The gear doors simply glue on where you can find a place to fit, though you do have to cut off the upper section as shown in the instructions. I had broken off the pitot (actually several times) so that was reattached and the prop/spinner was glued on. An area around the exhaust was painted black and I glued on the ADF antenna to the lower fuselage. I also drilled a hole in the upper fuselage and canopy for the radio wire, which was made from EZ-Line and attached using either clear paint (canopy) or super glue. The masking was removed from the canopy and pastels used for exhaust soot. With the 190 done, I turned to the Ju-88.

For the lower component, I glued on the wheels and the main gear doors. Fit was very good. Same with the tail wheel doors. There is a landing light cover that despite trimming on the cover and opening just did not want to fit well. I then took off the masking from the clear bits and had to do some touch-up painting. The rear machine gun opening was then painted and glued in place. I also attached the ADF decal and glued on the clear cover. The pitot tube was cemented in place and the props and spinners and cooling fans then pushed into the engines. The spinners on this one appeared to be white and were so painted. I really sooted up the upper wings and most of the nacelles using a Tamiya weathering set. I should have perhaps done it all, but did not want to break off the main gear doors in the process.

Now for the special Mistel bits. The main attachment frame had the holes for it drilled out in step one and after enlarging them (#61 drill bit, they were pushed into place. A tight fit. I had to clamp the V-frame between them while it dried. I then enlarged the holes in the bottom of the FW-190 and pushed it into place. It is very tight and even at the end, the 190 was not glued on. I did notice that I had an extra piece left over from the Mistel frame sprue and after searching the instructions, noticed that this went on the underside of the forward cowling of the 190. The instructions show it attached just behind the cowl armor ring, but it really fits a bit farther back on the next engraved panel line. It has to be centered or the p.e. brace will not fit. I drilled the hole and fit it.

Another item not shown is a hole needed near the tail wheel of the 190 for the rear brace. It goes just a bit farther back than half way from the last tail panel line and the tail wheel. I had to make sure to test fit the two major photo etch braces before adding glue. Actually, they fit very tight so I was able to position them before gluing. There is a 'Y' brace that fits behind the main nose brace. The long fuel tank interferes with this and forces it to be slightly bowed. Suggest not installing the fuel tank on your model as trainers rarely carried it. I had already glued mine in place so had to keep it on. There is also a very long photo etch boarding ladder. All the photo etch pieces and the 190 mounting struts were painted RLM 76 prior to installation. 
CONCLUSIONS

This was a pretty fun kit. First time I have built a Hasegawa Ju-88, though the FW-190 is an old favorite. The fit of the parts is about normal for a Hasegawa kit so one knows what one is getting into. I really do not like the separate wing tip and aileron, but know that this is used by Italeri as well and is expected. Much prefer the whole outer wing approach of the Zvezda kit. The end result is a pretty neat looking model of a combo that previously has only been available in 1/48 with this pair and in 1/72 by Italeri as a Mistel 1 with their horrid Bf-109F. Cheap it is not, but then, what is any more?
REFERENCES

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mistel
Mistel: German Composite Aircraft and Operations 1942-45 by Robert Forsythe, Classic Pubications, 2001

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