Wingnut Wings 1/32 Fokker E.III (late)
|PRICE:||$65.00 SRP includes shipping|
The Fokker Scourge:
In the Spring of 1915, French pilot Roland Garros
introduced modern aerial warfare when he appeared over the Western Front with a
Morane‑Saulnier Type L Parasol, which was fitted with a forward firing machine
gun that used armored deflector plates to protected the propeller from 'serious'
While machine guns had been carried in combat by airplanes as
early as 1912 in the Balkans War, the weapon was wielded by a second crewman,
and could not be fired along the aircraft's line of flight due to the lack of
synchronization to allow the bullet to miss the propeller.
Some aircraft like the
What became the legendary "Fokker Eindekker" was
Fokker's unarmed 80hp and 100hp reconnaissance A type Eindeckers, which were
"inspired by" a successful pre‑war wing warping Morane‑Saulnier design, but used
a welded steel tube frame fuselage developed not by Fokker but by his real
designer, Reinhold Platz.
With further development and the fitting of the
interrupter gear, the E.I (armed Eindecker 80hp) entered productions and arrived
at front line units in June 1915.
The airplane scored its first victory on
The initial armament was a Parabellum
The French and British were forced to quickly develop an antidote to the Eindekker, and they came up with the first designed-for-the-purposed fighters, the Nieuport 11 and the deHavilland DH.2, both of which were more aerodynamically advanced than the Eindekker with aileron controls that made them far more maneuverable than the Eindekker. These airplanes began appearing at the front in limited numbers, and by the Spring of 1916 they were present in such numbers that they ended the "Fokker scourge", since in comparison the wing-warping German monoplanes were obsolete. The Eindekker was withdrawn from front line service by December 1916, though they continued to be used on the Eastern Front and by the Austrians for a few months longer.
Born September 21, 1890 in Dresden Max Immelman joined
the Eisenbahnregiment Nr. 2 in 1911, in
pursuit of a commission. He left the army in March 1912 to study mechanical
engineering in Dresden and returned to service as a reserve officer candidate on
the outbreak of war, as a reserve officer candidate assigned to
Eisenbahnregiment Nr. 1, but soon transferred to
Immelmann was a pilot with Fliegerabteilung 10 from February to April 1915, and then in Flg Abt 62. He engaged in combat on several occasions while flying L.V.G. two seaters, but achieved no success. He was shot down on June 3, 1915, by a French pilot but managed to land safely behind German lines; he was awarded the Iron Cross, Second Class for preserving his aircraft.
Two very early versions of the Fokker Eindekker were delivered to the unit in June, one Fokker M.5K/MG production prototype numbered E.3/15 for Oswald Boelcke's use, while Immelmann receiving E.13/15 as a production Fokker E.I. Flying the E.13/15 aircraft, he gained his first confirmed air victory on August 1, 1915, two weeks after Leutnant Kurt Wintgens obtained the very first confirmed German victory on July 15, 1915 with Fokker M.5K/MG production prototype E.5/15.
As Immelmann remembered his first successful combat, flown against Lieutenant William Reid, RFC, "Like a hawk, I dived and fired my machine gun. For a moment, I believed I would fly right into him. I had fired about 60 shots when my gun jammed. That was awkward, for to clear the jam I needed both hands ‑ I had to fly completely without hands... "
Reid fought back, flying with his left hand and firing a pistol with his right. Nonetheless, Immelmann's 450 bullets had their effect: Reid was wounded four times in his left arm, and his engine quit, causing a crash. The unarmed Immelmann landed nearby, took Reid prisoner, and rendered first aid.
Immelmann quickly built an impressive score, with three
more victories in September.
In October he eas the sole air defense of the city of
Lille, where he became known as Der Adler von Lille
(The Eagle of Lille), gaining two more victories at this time to become the
first German ace.
Immelmann and Oswald Boelcke traded the position of
Germany's leading ace.
Boelcke six and became the first to be awarded the Royal
House Order of Hohenzollern.
Immelmann was second when he scored six; on December 15
he scored number seven.
On January 12, 1916, the day of his eighth victory, he
became the first pilot awarded the Pour le Mérite,
Germany's highest military honor, which became unofficially known as the "Blue
Max" in the Luftstreitkräfte in his
He and Boelke were both awarded the medal by the Kaiser in a special
The two aces were even on March 13,at 11 each; Immelmann lost the lead on the 19th, regained it on Easter Sunday 14 to 13, and lost it forever on May 1 when Boelcke scored 2 and went to 15, scoring another the next day. On April 25, 1916, Immelmann attacked two RFC D.H.2s; he described the fight "The two worked splendidly together...and put 11 shots into my machine. The petrol tank, the struts on the fuselage, the undercarriage and the propeller were hit... It was not a nice business." Air combat was changing.
On May 31, Immelmann nearly died when his synchronzing gear malfunctioned during a fight and a stream of bullets cut off the tip of a propeller blade. The unbalanced air screw nearly shook the engine loose from its mounts before he could cut the ignition and glide to a dead‑stick landing.
In the late afternoon of June 18, 1916, Immelmann led a
flight of four Eindekkers in search of a flight of eight F.E.2b's of 25 Squadron
over Sallaumines. The British had just crossed the lines near Arras when
Immelmann intercepted them. After a long‑running fight over an area of some 30
square miles, Immelmann shot down one F.E., wounding both the pilot and
observer, for his 16th victory.
Later that same evening, flying Fokker E.
On the German side, Immelmann been proclaimed invincible and most could not believe he had fallen to enemy fire. The British McCubbin the Distinguished Service Order, with the Distinguished Service Medal and Sergeant's stripes for Waller. Many Germans claimed Immelmann shot off his propeller again, but this does not fit the facts of the event.
Immelmann is immortalized in aviation for developing "the Immelmann," a manuever in which a pilot dives, zooms up into the beginning of a loop, then rolls upright at the top, in position again for another attack. This is not an easy maneuver to do properly (I speak from experience), and doing it in an underpowered airplane with extremely poor lateral control like the Eindekker makes it even more of an achievement.
by Ernst Udet and Manfred von Richtofen, two Austrian Flying Corps airplanes,
and the E.
her by Ernst Udet and Manfred von Richtofen, two Austrian Flying Corps airplanes, and the E.
|CONSTRUCTION & COLORS|
This is quite an easy model to assemble, if you commit the radical and revolutionary act of Following The Instructions. As is usual, I painted all parts on the sprue trees before assembly, per the instructions.
The "machined" aluminum is easy to do: brush paint the surface with Tamiya "Flat Aluminum," then do "squiggles" with Tamiya "Chrome Silver" over that. Voila! The "machined look."
Rigging was done with .010 wire, which greatly strengthens the airframe.
If you would like your product reviewed fairly and fairly quickly, please contact the editor or see other details in the Note to Contributors.
Back to the Main Page
Back to the Review Index Page