AZ 1/72 Bleriot-Spad S.51

KIT #: ?
PRICE: £12.50 SRP
DECALS: Five Options
REVIEWER: Carmel J. Attard
NOTES: Short Run Kit


The Bleriot-SPAD S.51 was a French fighter aircraft developed in 1924 in response to a  French Air Force requirement for an aircraft to replace their obsolete  Nieuport-Delage ND29 Designed by Andre Herbemont, the S.51 shared its basic configuration with his other aircraft of the period, being a  biplane with a swept upper wing and unswept lower wing, joined by I-shaped  interplane struts. The S.51, however, marked Herbémont's transition from a covered framework fuselage design to a  monocoque fuselage.

The prototype S.51 was rejected by the French authorities, but revised versions found export customers in the Polish Air Force, which bought 50 of them in 1926, and the Turkish and Soviet air forces which each bought a single example. Another development, the S.51/3 was experimentally fitted with the first  controllable pitch propeller developed in France, also designed by Herbémont. Around 64 aircraft were built and the primary users remain the Air Forces of Poland , Turkey and Soviet Union. Some were also sold to the private sector. One having registration EC-BCC belonged to the Aeroclub de Aragon for use as a civil sports plane and flew during 1935 at Sanjurjo airfield, Spain


Comes packed in a colourful box having a Spad 51 flying over a war zone area during the Spanish Civil War. This was displayed on one side of the box cover and on the opposite side are two colour side views from the kit offering. All these colour views proved to be a good source of reference during the painting stage of the kit. This is a delightful little model issued under the AZ model plastic kits label. The Bleriot Spad S51 is in 1/72 scale and as far as I can see can be made either as a civil or a military version, the significant difference being externally which is the colour scheme that it can carry.

The model comes in grey plastic with all the parts finely moulded with impressive detail such as the multi rippled surface detail above and below the wings. In spite of the diminutive size of the aircraft there is a comprehensive cockpit built out of brass etch that with great patience would result into a fantastic cockpit complete with front and side gauges, control stick, firewall and several other internal gadgets which are visible from the outside. There is a cockpit floor with resin seat complete with brass etch seat belts. Also in resin is a detailed 9 cylinder radial engine with two alternative front engine covers. There are also two different sizes of 2 bladed propellers. This is because the propeller mounted on the Polish version differed from that carried by all the other options.


The kit itself is made out of 29 injection moulded parts, three resin items, printed instruments and a brass fret with more instruments and interior parts mentioned earlier. There are 15 stages of construction on the instruction sheet with clear sketches that makes construction easy. The front page contains a very brief history of the Spad 51 which includes also brief technical data. The first four stages deal with careful assembly of the highly detailed cockpit interior. This may be time consuming as it contains a good number of small items. The rest deals with fixing the exterior parts, assembling the butt jointed lower wings and tail planes which I regard as a straight forward assembly after getting over the first part.

There were a few anomalies encountered during the course of assembly. The cockpit wind shield which is finely reproduced in clear acetate having a black printed outline. This in fact is not of a rectangular shape as depicted on the instruction sheet. I also noticed that the fuselage front and rear wing struts needs to be reduced in length by 3mm on each part and I recommend drilling a shallow locating hole at their joining part to the underside of the upper wing. This will make it easy at a later stage when fixing these struts correctly in their respective place.  I also noticed that when it comes to rigging the manner that the bracing wire is indicated to be fixed on the instruction sheet differed from that depicted on the box art that shows the Spad in flying configuration. Incidentally I later discovered after reference to actual photos of the real aircraft that the box art drawing have the correct rigging and should therefore be referred to.

Another smaller item that needs correction is the smaller web attached to the tail skid. This should have the aft edge cut straight vertically rather than slanting.  This is easily corrected using a fine smooth file. I also discovered that it would be a good idea if the rigging attached to the fuselage is best done if the engine sub assembly to the front fuselage is left to a later stage. This is particularly so if one is using the fine thread rigging method. So that the front opening will provide a good access to work out the thread passage. The engine parts are then fitted afterwards, thus blocking the access when all the rigging is done.


The kit can be finished as French, Russian, Polish, Turk, or Spanish air forces as well as a Spanish civil registered model. These are intended to be camouflaged in a dark shade of green upper and light blue lower with the exception of the Spanish one which has a camouflage of sand and green on upper surfaces and light blue lower. There is clear decal placement drawing for all these offerings but in my case there were no decals for the military type and my model catered for the Spanish civil version. I also noticed that the camouflage detail for all the aircraft and with the exception of the Spanish civil war aircraft were not provided. Obviously I had no alternative than to make the civil Spad which incidentally carried a somewhat difficult but a colourful scheme. The decal was well registered and opaque although somewhat thin. Nevertheless the end result was very pleasing which represented EC-BCC, a civil sports plane of Aero club de Aragon flown during 1935 at Sanjurjo airfield, Spain.


Frankly speaking at first impression the Spad S 51 did not appeal much to me and also did not appear to offer an easy build. This was mainly due to the small size of the aircraft and so many tiny parts which obviously would provide a challenge to modellers especially to those who are used to working on larger models. However in spite of all and with some perseverance  the end result was pleasing especially with the smart scheme provided for a civil, between wars era finish.

Carmel J. Attard

May 2009


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