Hasegawa and Sword 1/72 T-34B and C Mentor

KIT: Hasegawa and Sword 1/72 T-34B and C Mentor
KIT #: ?
DECALS: Two options in each kit
NOTES: Both kits currently out of production but not difficult to find.


            The T-34 was developed in the early 1950’s from the civilian Model 35 Bonanza, as a replacement for the venerable T-6 Texan. The services initially could not decide whether to start students  on piston engined aircraft or jump  ab initio into jets. Both the Navy and Air Force adopted it as a primary trainer but declined a “hardened” armed version for counter insurgency and Forward Air Controller roles. Several foreign countries did pick up on that option and continue to use them. The USAF retired its T-34’s in the early 60’s in favor of pure jet training on the T-37 “Tweety Bird”.  The Navy continued using them until the mid 70’s then put in an order for the upgraded turbine engined version. This T-34C is still the primary training aircraft for the US Navy and Marines, but is being replaced by the T-6 Texan II.


            Hase’s Mentor was one of it’s earliest releases around 30 years ago and represented a departure in subject and substance from Revell, Monogram, and Airfix, which dominated the hobby shop shelves back then. Primary trainers were not then in vogue; neither was fall-together fit, flash-and-flaw-free molding, or see-through clear canopies. The parts breakdown  is simple, so simple that to justify the then exorbitant $3  price tag a bonus model of a tow tractor is included. There are no molding boo-boos and the raised surface detail is adequate.

             Sword is (was?) one of the MPM consortium of Czech kitters that specializes in off-the-beaten-track subjects. The box brags “Short Run Technology”, though the mercantile advantage expected  from that boast is unclear.  Main parts are molded mainstream without defects, but  finer points, such as wheels and struts, are far behind the level achieved a score and a half years prior by the Japanese. The canopy is injected and smooth but slightly milky, a defect unimproveable by polishing but slightly ameliorated  by a coating of Future.  Two  of the propeller blades were broken from the hub, but that was mox nix  as the kit designer was apparently unaware that PT-6 powered props come to rest in the full feathered position. A detailed cockpit assembly is provided as a single resin casting, holding everything including 2 finely molded control sticks, which promptly broke away and departed the scene, to be replaced by wire snippets.


             The Hasegawa kit, as mentioned, fell together without need of filler, clamping, or filing. Nothing noteworthy can be written, save that with the short nose and long moment arm aft of the main gear, and despite a full load of lead shot in the engine compartment, the prospect is hopeless of inducing the plane to rest properly on its nose wheel. (Your editor had to put additional lead in the nose gear well to get his to not tail-sit)

            Sword’s hose-nosed turbine version promised to be better behaved in that respect, but both ultimately had to be supported upright on the display shelf by unobtrusive tail props, and in the accompanying photographs by the levitating  magic of Photoshop’s clone brush.  Airframe assembly wasn’t “fall together”, but neither was it “short run technology” a-la Meikraft or Merlin. Wing root gaps had to be closed with stri stock to avoid excessive dihedral. Nose scoops needed tweaking and careful alignment. No filler or heroic sanding efforts were called for, though.


            Hasegawa’s early kits brought a new standard of molding to the hobby, but made no advancements in decals. By modern standards they were useless. The paint scheme diagramed was for a bare metal Air Force trainer, but I decided to go Navy yellow, as in Testors little square bottles. Beaucoup images were available via Google, but after applying  the numerous decals from various spare sheets, the plane looked a mess. I hosed it with Easy Lift Off solvent and decided to go for a simpler livery. The blue and yellow design came from a picture of a civilianized warbird on the Trade-a-Plane site. I can’t swear that it was ever painted that way while in uniform, but it was attractive and simple and demanded only a shallow dive into the spare markings box.

            The turbo mentor’s complicated, angular paint scheme made masking a chore, and overspray cleanup a minor nightmare. The precise proper shade of orange was nowhere documented.  Eyeballing the box art and web images led to a choice of Model Master international orange; a bit garish in bright light, but properly muted in the shade of the display shelf.

 The kit decals, by Techmond, are thicker than the state of the art calls for.  They slide into position and settle down well enough on flat surfaces, but refuse to conform to compound curves.  The  refusal of the sharks mouth markings, despite dousing with multiple setting solutions, to snuggle down around the nose scoops, threatened the project with CFIT (Controlled Flight Into Terrain). As a last resort I tried, with wonderful results, 70% isopropanol on the decals and 20% ethanol  down my gizzard ( Dewars is to be preferred “neat”).  Even after multiple soakings with Solvaset, the carrier film showed prominent silvering in oblique lighting. Early in  my modeling career I determined that a heavy clear coat can disguise a cruddy paint and decal job. The theory being that enough light is reflected to temporarily (permanently if enough Future is used)  blind an overly discerning viewer.


 This is getting repetitious, but in Hase’s case – nothing significant to report. Stick some masking tape belts to the seats, glue on the canopy, stick on wheels, doors, prop, and it’s done. Hardest part was fudging landing light lenses out of quick-set epoxy, rather than fiddle with the nubs off the clear parts sprue.

The Sword kit presented a few challenges, as the small parts were amorphously molded.  The nose gear with its integrally molded tire was replaced by an exact dupe from a previously wrecked Hasegawa kit. The  main gear and wheels from that derelict couldn’t be found- possibly donated to another plane, so a reasonable set of alternative wheels replaced those from the kit, which had prominent ejector pin holes where the tire meets the rim. The kit failed to include the cowl to the  rear instrument panel, but this was easily cut and bent from thin sheet. A replacement propeller came from a boneyard OV-10 Bronco, Hasegawa’s, Ithink. The blades had to be rounded and twisted to full feather, then inserted into the kit’s spinner, after that had its nasty sink hole filled and smoothed.

Several hours were spent trying to form decent looking exhaust stacks to replace the overblown and mis-shaped kit parts. Aluminum tubing would have worked well, had I been able to get a sharp enough bend without kinking.  Hollow core solder would have solved the bending problem, but I had used the last millimeter on the roll re-sweating some loose pipe fittings feeding the Secret Model Airplane Building room and wasn’t up for 20 mile round trip to the nearest hardware store. I ended up bending and hollowing out some sprue. The shape may not be exact, but it’s close enough.

The box art depicted several antennae and wing protrusions for which there were neither parts on the sprue not evidence in Google images. I settled for a pitot tube cut from a wire staple, and whip antenna of pulled sprue.


             If someone will kindly kit us a 1/72 LTV TT-1 Pinto and Beechcraft T-6 Texan II we can have a representation of the unbroken line of US primary trainers, from present all the way back to the Jenny.

Joel Hamm

 March 2008

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