ESCI 1/48 Dassault Mirage IIIEA "I-015"

KIT #: 4073
PRICE: $?
DECALS: Aerocalcas # 48008 used
REVIEWER: Pablo Calcaterra
NOTES: The three lives of a kit

HISTORY

 

The Argentine Air Force evaluated several options to replace the F86F-40s in service as its mainstream interceptor. Options included British, Swedish and American planes but as the Israelis had flown the Mirage III so successfully in 1967, the Argentinean Air Force finally decided to purchase brand new Dassault fighters from France. Ten single seat (I-003 to I-012) and 2 two-seat trainers (I-001 and 002) were purchased in 1970 with negotiations starting in 1968. Deliveries started in 1972 and pilots and ground crews were trained in France. The small airport located in Mariano Moreno, close to Buenos Aires, was expanded and converted into the home base for the new interceptors (thus the “I” before the individual number of each plane). This became the VIII Brigada Aérea (Air Brigade) in 1976.

Planes were delivered with Cyrano II radar (French pilots flying in Chad against Libya around 1980 would later claim that this radar would not even lock on a cloud) and Matra 530 missiles (infrared and semi active radar: that means that the target had to be illuminated all time by the fighter to guide the missile). The only main difference in terms of equipment was that the Argentine planes did not have a Doppler system and the presence of two little wings on the top of the tail, close to the rudder.

In 1977 a new contract was signed, this time adding 7 more single seat fighters to be delivered in 1979 and supplied with Magic I missiles.

During 1978 tensions with Chile for 3 islands in Cape Horns (Picton, Lennox and Nueva) escalated. With arguably no match on the Chilean side, five single seat and a double seat were sent to the south in December 1978. They over flew Chilean cities Balmaceda and Puerto Aysen. The detachment was completed with 3 more planes around mid December. On the 23rd the planes were readied for an attack with bombs across the border but on the 24th the Papal mediator stopped the conflict.

In 1980 Matra 550 missiles were purchased as the 530 was not suitable for short distance combats.

Two more trainers (IIIDA) were delivered in 1982 (contract signed in 1980).

Planes from the first and second lots differed in the fact that the late had 2 more stations, wiring for Magic I (or 550) and a little dorsal antenna for the TACAN system (later added to the first lot as well).

In 1982 the Mirage IIIEA were the only interceptors in service in the Argentine Air Force. The pilots were very well trained.

Three planes (I-011 / 016 / 019) were sent to Patagonia (BAM Rio Gallegos) at the end of March 1982 in preparation for the actions to retake the Malvinas (known as Falklands to the English speaking world). They did not take direct part in the actions of April 2nd.

Two squadrons were formed: one in Comodoro Rivadavia, under the command of Mj. Hugo Paez and with 5 planes (I-003 / 008 / 010 / 015 / 018) and another 5 in Rio Gallegos, led by Mj. Jose Sanchez and with I-0111 / 014/ 016/ 017 and 019). Later on, I-005 and 006 arrived in Comodoro and thus I-015 and 018 were transferred to Gallegos. Three planes were left to protect Buenos Aires. April was spent training, getting used to the new maritime environment and getting the Magic I operational.

Tactical situation was not favorable for the Mirages, as they had to defend the continental Argentina against possible attacks from Vulcans, escort fighter-bombers and prevent attacks from the Sea Harriers and Harriers over the islands. Too many tasks for such a small group of planes.

The first Operational Order (OF 1091) that the Air Force issued during the war was for the Mirages in Rio Gallegos. On May 1st, after the Vulcan attacks on Puerto Argentino (Stanley) a couple of MIII (Major Sanchez and Captain Czerwinski) orbited above the town without making contact with the enemy, though a couple of British PACs from HMS Invincible were in the area.

The first (inconclusive) engagement happened when 2 MV Daggers (Moreno and Volponi) faced 2 Sea Harriers (Kent and Haigh)

An attack by four A4-B led by Captain Hugo Palaver (call sign TOPO) was to be escorted by a sections of MIII flown by Captain Gustavo Argentino Garcia Cuerva (nickname Paco, an instructor in the VIII Brigada Aerea) in I-019 and 1st Lt. Carlos Perona (Dardo) in I-015 (OF 1093 – call sign TABLON). Due to the confusion created by the Harriers attacks, lack of experience and British electronic measures, the Skyhawks were sent to intercept a British PAC (801 Sqn pilots Commander John Eyton-Jones and Flight Lt Paul Barton)…but they were armed with bombs! Garcia Cuerva and Perona, by then, had reached their turning point and were returning to the continent (one of the disadvantages of the MIIIEA during the war, besides the armament, was the lack of endurance). The radar operator in Argentino realized the serious mistake and asked the Skyhawks to escape as the Harriers were on their tails 30 miles behind and eating out the distance. In the meantime, Garcia Cuerva and Perona were following the events on the radio and the leader asked the radar to lead them to the Harriers. Therefore, now running low on fuel the MIII turned back to the islands to face the Harriers and get to their tails. Faced with 4 planes ahead of them and 2 more that were trying to get them, the Harriers left the Skyhawks alone and turned to face the Mirages. They enemy PACs crossed head on with a difference of attitude of 4,000 ft and after the crossing they turned to return to their bases. There was no radio communication during the return trip as the Mirage pilots were really concerned about their fuel status. Only when the continent coastline was in sight Garcia Cuerva broke the silence and commented about the tense moments they had just experienced. After landing, all 6 pilots embraced each other and celebrated the fact that they had made it back. With this almost heroic intervention, Garcia Cuerva and Perona saved the lives of the A4 pilots.

All excited about the last events, they went to the Debrief. There, Captain Carballo, waiting for his turn to attack, heard them chatting excitedly and overheard, same as others, Garcia Cuerva saying that if he’d run very low on fuel (to the point of making the return impossible) he would risk a landing in Puerto Argentino (Stanley).

On this day, the next MIIIEA missions were flown by 1st Lts. Yebra / Puig, (OF 1098 FOCO) and Capt. Gambande / 1st Lt Yebra (OF 1108 BUITRE) flying again from Gallegos. The FOCOs were ordered to chase to contacts that seemed to be returning to their aircraft. It was the British CAP flown by Sharky Ward and Mike Watson, from 801 Sqn. They had just fought against a flight of T-34 from the Argentine Navy, scoring one damaged (Ward). Glamorgan told them that two bogies were chasing them. The Harrier pilots pretended they were not aware of the situation and kept on flying to the East. When the distance was safe enough, they suddenly turned to face the Mirages, who where coming down fast in their last leg to approach their targets. Suddenly, Ward mentions in his book that 2 streaks were coming head on, that he was unable to lock his missiles onto them and then realized that these 2 objects were in fact missiles fired head on which fell harmlessly into the ocean. Upon loosing the whole picture and being unable to visually locate their contenders, both Harriers dove for the clouds below. At the same time, the Mirages headed back to their base. Official argentine records checked last week show that the pilots fired no missile or dropped no external fuel tanks during this head-on crossing.

At the same time that the BUITRE were taking off, Garcia Cueva and Perona were also starting their second mission of the day. Their OF was 1109 and call sign DARDO. Official Air Force records show that the leader flew again in I-019 and his wingman in I-015 (but there is new evidence that shows that in fact Garcia Cuerva was this time in I-015). Their patrol area was to the North of the islands. A pair of Sea Harriers from 801 Sqn. (Paul Barton and Steve Thomas) was vectored by HMS Glamorgan. The Argentine controller guided them towards the British PAC but failed to mention that it was two enemy planes. The Mirages were flying higher than the Harriers. As happened in the first action, they were flying head on. In this occasion though Paul Barton was the “Eye ball” (bait) and Steve Thomas the “Shooter”. That means that Thomas flew in sight of the Mirages, but Burton separated from his leader unseen by the Argentines. So while Garcia Cuerva and Perona had their eyes fixed on Thomas, Burton was gaining their tails undetected. Garcia Cuerva was the first one that saw the Harrier and said: “In sight! Let’s get them!” He dropped his external fuel tanks (again, some British books mistake the fuel escaping from the dropping tanks with missiles) but Perona’s right one refused to drop. His only option was to eject the Magics, stations and the tank but that would leave him with no effective armament. He decided to try to fight with his heavy and unbalanced plane.

Barton was flying lower than the Mirages who crossed in front of him. He fired a burst of his 30 mm Aden guns but missed. The Mirages started to pull away (a difference of 150 knots!) and therefore Barton decided to fire a Sidewinder to the wingman. He acquired Perona’s Mirage exhaust clearly, against the cold sky above. One mile behind the Argentine plane, Barton fired his Sidewinder. Thomas, Garcia Cuerva and Perona crossed head on at very high speed. The Argentines decided to start to climb to engage Thomas in a scissors maneuver. Garcia Cuerva shouted to Perona to break as he had been fired a missile. But it was too late. The missile exploded and seriously damaged the Mirage. The crossing and the explosion of the missile happened in such a short period of time, that Perona initially though that he had collided against the Harrier. Barton though that he pilot could not have survived the explosion. But in fact he did. And the plane was still flying. With all alarms ringing and the fire indicator on, he turned off the engine and glided towards the coast of Borbon (Pebble) island. As Perona did not have a suit that would allow him to survive in the cold water, he decided to try to eject over land. Finally he reached the shoreline and ejected. It was really windy and he had to fight all the way down against the wind that was pushing him to the water again. Just about the moment that he was going to land, a wind gust unbalanced him and he broke one foot. He managed to land 20 meters away from the water! One hour after sustaining this hard fall, he was rescued by an Augusta A109A (Argentine Army – Batallon de Aviacion de Combate 601) and taken to Puerto Calderon / Pebble settlement in Borbon and from there, in a Beechcraft 200 (Argentine Navy) to Rio Grande in the mainland. Perona’s plane crashed in a small bay on the south side of Borbon/Pebble.

In the meantime, Garcia Cuerva and Thomas had an unsettled matter. With the great maneuverability of the Harrier, Thomas gained the tail of the Mirage. Garcia Cuerva decided to dive to the clouds that were at 4,000 ft. Spiraling down he went, chased by a Sidewinder that Thomas fired at him. The Sidewinder passed closed to the Mirage’s tail and Thomas lost both missile and plane as they entered the cloud. I quote for the record ”The missile streaked after him and just before he reached cloud I saw it PASS CLOSE to his tail. Then both the aircraft and the missile vanished” (Steve Thomas, Air War in the Falklands 1982 by Christopher Chant, Osprey, 2001). It has been widely claimed that the missile managed to damage the Mirage and that is why, leaking fuel, the pilot tried to make an emergency landing. Here you can see that Thomas says that the missile PASSED close to the tail and he did not see it actually explode.

Garcia Cuerva had less fuel than necessary to return to his base. He decided to try to land in the small airstrip in Puerto Argentino / Stanley (1,500 mt long). It was going to a challenging feat but he was an extremely experienced Mirage pilot. He could pull it out in 700 mts using the breaking parachute. Therefore Garcia Cuerva asked for permission to land but he was denied it as the base was under Red Alert due to the fact that it was under attack (3 British ships were shelling the area from the coast). Three Daggers (Dimeglio, Aguirre Faguet and Roman) were at the same time approaching the British ships low over the water. Covering them, 2 more Daggers (Donadille and Senn) were circling above. They heard the communications back and forth between the Argentine controller and Garcia Cuerva. When Garcia Cuerva was told to eject from his plane, Donadille heard him answer: “It’s a pity. The plane is new…pristine”. He kept on insisting to be allowed to land. Finally permission was granted and coordination with all the AA systems around the field was verbally made (the 3 Argentine Forces – Army, Navy and Air Force – had their anti aircraft armament in the area). Senn, hearing the exchange, almost broke the radio silence to ask Garcia Cuerva to eject. But his discipline prevailed.

Approaching to land from the West, Garcia Cuerva had to fly over land and some Argentine positions. To reduce the weight (and thus the inertia) of his plane he dropped his missiles in the area around the Royal Marines barracks. Upon seeing this, the inexperienced and nervous Navy gunners mistook the missiles for bombs and started to shoot at him with their 35 mm guns. Everyone followed suit (AA, soldiers) and opened fired. From the CIC they shouted on the radio: “Don’t shoot! He is ours! Don’t shoot!” The 5 Dagger pilots heard the dramatic calls. Garcia Cuerva’s plane started to smoke and turn out of course to his right, flying over the town and shedding pieces. Flames started to shoot from the exhaust of the stricken Mirage. The gunners would not let go. Several civilians saw this. Paco exclaimed: “They are shooting at me! Damn!” (Me estan tirando a mi…Carajo!). Most likely injured by the fire, he was unable to eject. His plane crossed over the town curving from Northwest to Southeast (the airport is straight North of the town in a small peninsula), his 30 mm guns fired some bursts (due to damage or triggered by the injured Garcia Cuerva?) and crashed in shallow waters on the south shore of the bay located to the south of the town. The plane broke in two main parts upon hitting the water, just behind the cockpit.

The 3 Daggers attacked the British ships successfully, these fled the area and the 2 high flying Daggers saved them from some aggressive Harriers that were after them after the first air to sea combat of the war. They all returned safely and told the story…but that is another story for another model plane I will make in the future!

This mission proved the failures of the Mirage III (only 10 minutes flying time over the islands, provided it stayed at high altitude) and from then on they were used to probe the British defenses, lure Harriers away from the real attack planes, cover the attack planes (still flying high), defend Buenos Aires and try to identify and intercept bogies close to the continent.

Also, this led to the painting of yellow ID areas on the MIIIEA: rudder and wingtips in yellow. Soon afterwards, these bands were overpainted in dark brown as several pictures show.

The Mirage III Squadrons did not intervene in actions until May 21st, during the landings in San Carlos. On this day, six planes in 3 sections armed with Magic 550 missiles flew over the islands.

OF 1185 Aguila (Capt. Juck / 1st Lt Selles)

OF 1186 Condor (Mj Sanchez / 1st Lt Maggi)

OF 1200 Ciclon (Capt. Czerwinski I-017 / 1st Lt. Puig I-014)

On the 22nd, two more missions were flown:

OF 1208 Piton (Mj. Sanchez / Capt. Czerwinski)

OF 1209 Cobra (Capt. Huck / Capt. Ballesteros)

During the evening, a plot was detected by the radar in Comodoro Rivadavia. A Mirage IIIEA was sent to intercept (1st Lt Bosich), armed with an infra red Matra 530. He made contact with his radar but as there was a Pucara also flying in the area, he was told to do a visual confirmation. This made him loss the contact and no combat took place.

Other missions to cover attack planes were flown from the 26th onwards.

OF 1242 Sombra (Capt. Ballesteros / 1st Lt Puig). They were protecting the Pocker section. There were 3 British CAP in the air but they were flying much lower and when the Mirages were flying towards them, they would dive under detection of the radar located in Puerto Argentino, thus making interception impossible.

OF 1252 Nene (Capt. Huck / Capt Gonzalez)

On the 31st, knowing that a small landing ground had been established by the Task Force in San Carlos, 2 sections of Mirage were sent to try to lure the Harriers to take off and thus give out the exact position of this place. It proved fruitless. These were flown by the same pilots (Capt. Ballesteros / Capt. Arnau) with 10 hours elapsing between the first and second mission.

The next significant mission happened on June 8th. On this date, Lt. Sanchez was returning alone after Sea Harriers had shot down his other 3 friends after they had sunk Foxtrot 4. Ward and Thomas were about to chase this last Skyhawk when HMS Cardiff ordered them to climb to engage an Argentine CAP. It was a couple of Mirages that lured them away from the area and thus saved Sanchez. The Mirages, FLECHA, where flown by Capt. Arnau and Mj. Luna. With the British CAP on their tail at 12 miles, a second Argentine CAP (LANZA) flown by Capt Gonzalez and Capt Ballesteros gained the tail of the Harriers.


At that moment, the British dove away and the Argentine controller lost them in the radar.

On June 10th the crew of an Argentine Air Force Boeing 707 flying a long-range recco mission saw 3 enemy planes flying South (one large and two small) well out over the sea. It was considered that it was a tanker bringing two more new Harriers to the area. Two CAP were sent to the estimated position. The Mirages circled in the area above San Carlos water, while two British CAP flying much lower than them. After flying for some minutes and with no news from the planes that were supposed to approach from the North, they returned to their base in Rio Gallegos (OF 1306 Condor – Capt Arnau and Gonzalez / OF 1307 Daga – Mj Sanchez and Capt Ballesteros). There is no record of such a ferry mission in the British books I have.

The last mission of the Mirage IIIEA took place during the last night of combats. A section of Canberras was sent to bomb the British positions in Mount Kent. HMS Exeter fired several Sea Darts, one of which shot down the last Argentine plane of the war (Canberra B-108 with Capitanes Pastran – ejected - and Casado – killed in the plane when his seat failed to eject). The Mirages were flying according to OF 1327 (Pluton) and the pilots were Mj Sanchez and Capt Gonzalez. There were no enemy PACs in the area. HMS Cardiff fired Sea Darts against the Mirages. Sanchez observed the missiles fired at the Canberras, the flares dropped by them to attract the missiles, the bombs exploding on the ground…Then he saw a second group of missiles coming up. One of them was getting closer and closer, growing in size. He had no doubts: it was coming to his Mirage! He was flying at 10,000 mt and turning gently. Sanchez then reduced his engine, started to dive in a spiral, leaving the Sea Dart in the center of his trajectory. Then suddenly the missile exploded in a shower of white and orange sparkles. Relieved, he sighed. But not for too long. Another Sea Dart was climbing and passed him on his right. The missile kept on climbing so he was now safe. Looking back to his instruments, he realized that he was flying at only 5,000 mt and the radar in Puerto Argentino told the Mirage pilots that they were too close to Darwin. The fighters climbed to safety and could hear the surviving Canberra calling in vain the other bomber. The three planes landed together in Rio Gallegos on the third minute of June 14th, 1982. The last missions of the Argentine Air Force during the war had ended as the Argentine garrison signed the cease-fire on that day.

During the war the Mirage IIIEA flew 47 CAP missions (37 in May and 10 in June) and 9 distraction missions. On July 1st, they started to return to their home base.

Due to budget restrictions, the Mirage IIIEA fleet was transferred to the VI Brigada Aerea in Tandil in 1988.

These veteran planes will be very soon retired from the Argentine Air Force.

THE KIT

No information supplied, but the ESCI kit (reissued by Italeri and Revell over the years) is oddly still the only mass marketed 1/48 Mirage IIIE produced. Ed

CONSTRUCTION

My kit had 3 lives:

First life: I initially bought it around 1992. No airbrush, no idea about fillers, actual colors, gloss coat for the decals…So the plane was put together pretty fast with wrong colors, broken decals, visible plastic joints. Decals supplied by Esci were bad, with details on the badge of the tail in yellow instead of gold. I used the supplied external tanks (500 lt - supersonic).

Second life: Towards 1998 I had an airbrush, enough books to make a more decent kit and filler and (Humbrol) gloss coat, I put the plane in caustic soda and fixed it. This time, we had decals available from an Argentine manufacturer (CALC*AS). These were better than the Esci ones, but still the gold was yellow and the stencils “Fuerza Aerea Argentina” were light yellow instead of brown (there was no brown ink in any of the decals of this manufacturer). As a consequence, the plane looked much better except for the badge and the stencil that looked light green/yellow instead of brown. For tanks I used some taken from another 1/48 Mirage kit (1300 lt), but where not correct for the configuration used during the war. I built I-019, the plane flown by Garcia Cuerva on May 1st. Using thin plastic I added extra winglets to the missile to make it look like a Magic I / Matra 550.

Third life: Along with other kits, this one was moved to Canada as well. Minor damage was experienced but it still bugged me that the decals were not correct. So down it went into a solution of bleach to remove the paint and decals. Looks like I made a very good job in Argentina because it was a real struggle to remove it properly. To a point that after one week there were many areas that would not release. I bought a can of oven cleaner, and with patience, care and an old toothbrush these rebel areas were cleaned in no time at all! Regretfully, the carefully protected cockpit did not withstand the cleaner and the original decals just bubbled away.

The plane looked quite good actually. I had done a decent job in Life #2. Only the top of the right wing came off. Regretfully the fuselage got filled with bleach that would not come out, so I was forced to drill to little holes in the fuel tank located at the bottom of the fuselage in the tail area. After reattaching the wing, I fixed the joints using putty, sandpaper and acrylic base (for the wing root). The only problem is that the joint of the upper and lower halves of the wing is close to some round panels/access doors under the wing, close to the border of attack. This is an old kit so the panel lines are raised. After sanding the putty I had to re-scribe these round doors. I also scratchbuilt the supports to the air intakes and the two little wings on the tail.

Long time ago I had copied some old Esci/Italieri decals for Mirage in overheads thinking to use them as stencils if needed. I still have these and the cockpit ones were used. To do this, the area where these are located was given a hand of white paint. The overheads were cut to fit and glued using little drops of instant glue.

The Matra 530, used in Life #1 and discarded in Life #2 was taken from the spares box. One thing that I discovered is that though the shape is very good, a thin extension of the fins was missing. Some thin plastic, glue, putty and sandpaper fixed the missile.

Next challenge, the drop tanks. During these missions in May, the planes used the 1700 lt ones. After much thinking and playing with different ideas, I found that the ventral tanks for scooters are pretty similar in terms of diameter. With 4 available from as many Hobbycraft kits, I realized that with some surgery I could make 2 x 1700 lt tanks. The only other thing I had to do was add the fins and station, made with plasticard. I know they are not perfect (probably the fins could have been larger) but much better than using the 500 or 1300 lt tanks.

COLORS & MARKINGS

Paint:

White gloss (Acryl 4696) was used for the undersides and the missiles. Light gray was used for several areas in the tail. After masking them with blue tac (note that this Mirage had quite a high demarcation line in the nose area) I applied the light brown (Acryl 4709). More masking and the two greens were applied (Acryl 4734and 4726). Then the nose was painted black, same as the details around the gray areas in the tail. Aluminum was used for the wheel wells and internal side of the landing gear doors. Moveable parts were highlighted with a sharpened pencil and some black pastel applied here and there (not a lot).

Three different shades of gray were used for the Matra 530.

Several hands of Future left the plane ready for the decals.

Decals:

The set from Aerocalcas has all the stencils, roundels. I had to resort to modifying a “9” to make it look a “5”. I had to add a little piece inside the round part of the 5 to add a 45º angle instead of the 90º that would have shown had I not added that little piece of black decal inside. The rounded top of the “6” was replaced with a straight light taken from a “7”

All decals went very well. The only one that is not in the current kit by Aerocalcas is the one for the airbrakes and some yellow/black stripes over some access lids/doors under the fuselage.

The Matra 550 decal came from an Eduard Mirage that I have to build someday.

What I did with the brakes was to scan the brakes from another Mirage that I have and is waiting to be built. Then I erased the light blue background and printed them on clear decal paper. They worked great for the bottom airbrakes (white background). For the top ones, I cut the same shape/contour in white decal, I applied this one first to the brakes and then, on top of this, I added the red/yellow decal printed on the clear paper. Perfecto!

And the yellow black stripes were from that overhead print with stencils that I mentioned before. They were glued in place with some drops of Future.

I had forgotten to paint the gray square behind the cockpit so as I realized about this so late in the process, the solution was to cut it out from the white decal paper. Great solution!

I added a strip of thin masking tape in the rear part of the black nose cone. The full plane was given a coat of semi gloss paint and when the masking tape was removed, there now was a “ring” of higher gloss as per pictures I have seen.

FINAL CONSTRUCTION

This is the sequence to add the last parts:

·        Nose landing gear lights (painted in chrome silver)

·        Exhaust painted with a mix of silver and black

·        Wheels (chrome silver for some parts of the landing gear)

·        Matra 550

·        Wheel wells doors

·        External tanks

·        Magic I/Matra 530

·        Gun sight from an old Mirage kit I found in the spares box (lucky!)

·        Scratch built top ejection handle

·        Rear mirrors on the hood

·        Nose probe painted in silver

·        Formation lights on top and wing tips

·        Windshield

·        Two pitot tubes in front of windshield (the are too long for the MIIIEA but I just kept them) and

·        Finito!

CONCLUSIONS

I am not completely satisfied with my kit because there are 4 things I found that are not correct after I finished it:

1.      The green camo on the top right wing is too thin,

2.      The serial number on the right fuselage should sit on brown paint only and not over brown AND green,

3.      The Aerocalcas red ejection seat decals are a little bit oversized so they are not centered with the air intake and

4.      A picture that Allan sent me shows that the left side serial number close to the tail sits on only green paint. There was no brown in that area as incorrectly shown in some profiles I’ve found in Internet.

But this was the last time that I play with this kit. So there it is.

This is my tribute to the unsung Mirage IIIEA pilots (compare to the fighter bomber and other squadron pilots), especially to Garcia Cueva who lost his life trying to save his plane.

With thanks to:

Ernesto Crespo

Allan White (information about the crashed Mirages on May 1st and picture of Garcia Cuerva’s name in the cenotaph at Darwin)

Juan Contreras (for his help to print decals on decal paper, something I had never done before)

David Smith

Jose Miguel Rodriguez

Fabian Vera

REFERENCES

Historia de la Fuerza Aérea Argentina – tomo VI, Volume I and II (Malvinas)

Aeroespacio (Argentine Air Force magazine) # 534 – Mar/Apr 2000

Dassault Mirage IIICJ & IIIEA – Jorge Nunez Padin – 2008

Air War in the Falklands 1982 by Christopher Chant, Osprey, 2001

Falklands Air War – Chris Hobson w Andrew Noble, Midland, 2005

Guerra Aérea en las Malvinas – Benigno Andrada, Emece, 1983

Sea Harrier over the Falklands – Sharky Ward, Leo Cooper, 1993

Pablo Calcaterra

June 2010

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