The F-101 Voodoo was the end product of an Air Force design concept first broached in 1947, for a long-range jet fighter capable of providing escort to SAC B-36 and B-50 bombers. The initial response to the design requirements came from North American with their F-93, a beefed-up Sabre; McDonnell with their F-88, the first to be given the name “Voodoo”; and the Lockheed F-90. All were underpowered, and in the meantime the B-47 came on the scene, followed by the B-52, obviating the need for escort fighters. The Air Force continued working with McDonnell to create a long range “penetration” fighter. With J-57s finally providing the necessary power, the F-101 first appeared in 1953. It was capable of Mach 1.5, with a useful range. SAC had lost interest, and the Tactical Air Command had the airplane foisted on it, with modification to turn it into a long range nuclear strike fighter.
Over the years, there have been a few kits of the McDonnell F-101A/C Voodoo, starting with - if I recall correctly - a box-scale kit from Revell some 55+ years ago. Hasegawa released a 1/72 RF-101C in the 1960s which became the subject of one of the first resin conversion sets in the 1980s, released with a set of decals by Super-Scale for the fighter. Following the release of the 1/48 F-101B by Monogram, Bill Koster released vacuform conversions to do both the F-101A/C and the RF-101A/C. Moving on, C&H Aero released a resin conversion for the Monogram kit to create both the F-101A/C and the recon birds some ten years ago. This kit from Kitty Hawk is the first designed-for-the-purpose F-101A/C kit in 1/48 and has been the subject of much speculation.
In the box, as is the case with all Kitty Hawk kits, it looks pretty good. Crisp moldings, a minimum of flash, lightly-engraved surface detail, a good decal sheet - this one presenting F-101A and F-101C aircraft from each of the four squadrons of the 81st Tactical Fighter Wing, the only Air Force unit to operate the fighter-bomber Voodoo. It is pretty certain from the contents of the kit and the breakdown of the design that an RF-101G/H and perhaps the RF-101C will be released down the line.
For starters, one has to realize that Kitty Hawk is the only model company that designs its kits to fit a standard-size box, which is backwards from every other company who order boxes to fit their kits, and leads to some very strange kit design decisions. (Editor's note: I have purchased several Kitty Hawk kits and this statement is not totally accurate as I've found some boxes to to thinner [F-94 and SeaSprite] and some to be smaller in overall dimensions [Mirage F.1].) Most particularly in this case, it leads to the long Voodoo fuselage being divided in thirds, rather than produced in two halves like Monogram did. Even more strangely, the forward and aft thirds are divided vertically, while the center is divided horizontally.
As one proceeds with the assembly, the old Kitty Hawk problem encountered in all their other kits raises its head. NOTHING FITS!!!!! Thus, I am going to outline to you what I think is the way to go about building this kit, rather than the way I built it, since that was a process of discovering that I had wandered into the plastic kit division of the Wong Fook Hing Book Store.
For starters, consider this a Classic Airframes kit with better molding but otherwise just the same. Cut off all the locating pins, since they mis-locate what you’re trying to fit. Do not, however, cut off the pins on the lower forward fuselage, since they are of some important help in trying to get that lined up so you aren’t spending for-bloody-ever trying to get rid of that seam.
Since the dive brakes are short-shot, and (along with everything else!) don’t really fit, I suggest you close them. Most of the photos of F-101s I found have them closed. Do this before you assemble the rear fuselage halves. Fill all the sink holes, sand the brake smooth so it is smooth to the fuselage, then rescribe the outline. (One good thing to make note of here before proceeding further is that you do not have to get the surface so smooth to accept a NMF finish - the F-101 only ever served painted in Coroguard, which weathered quickly in service over in England and Europe.)
Assemble the upper rear fuselage halves, and then attach the lower hot section to that. Do not attach that lower part to the lower center fuselage as the instructions say.
Moving on to the wings, the flaps can be assembled down, but there’s not much holding them there. While they present a blob of bright color - being red inside - most photos of Voodoos show them raised, and it does let the speedy-looking lines of the airplane come through. If you should choose to do this, glue the flaps into position in the lower wing BEFORE any further assembly, so you can work the fit from inside and outside and get right (I definitely learned this the hard way. Once you have made your decision on the flaps, assemble the inner bulkhead to the lower wing half and then assemble the two wing halves. If you followed my advice and trimmed off the locating pins, you should be able to get this fitted nice and tight without any putty needed anywhere.
It’s now time to consider the center section of the fuselage. Do not assemble the inner engine and then attach it inside as the instructions say. Cut off the locating pins on the inner engine parts once assembled and put them aside. You’re going to be much happier assembling each engine completely and then sliding it into position. Also, sand down the intake inserts so they will be flush with the rest of the part when attached. Get them about half as thick as they are.
Once you have glued the upper and lower halves of the central fuselage together, attach the rear fuselage. Be very careful in fighting these two sub-assemblies together, to maintain proper alignment and insure that the vertical fin is indeed vertical, and that you do not have a “banana” going with the fuselage.
And now we come to the joys of the forward fuselage. Once you have painted and assembled and decaled the cockpit tub, set it aside. Now proceed to assemble the three parts of each fuselage half separately, so you can work their joints from inside and out; if you do that, you will get good fit and not be stuck sanding seams and rescribing. Personally, I think having the refueling probe out destroys the look of the airplane; you may decide differently. I glued each of the doors of the probe compartment to their respective fuselage halves at this point, since I could get them nice and smooth working both sides of the joint.
After you have
assembled the nosewheel well, DO NOT ATTACH IT TO THE COCKPIT TUB.
If you follow the instructions, neither assembly will align with its
proper opening in the fuselage.
Sand down the top of the wheel well to reduce the thickness by about half.
Do the same thing to the cockpit tub floor.
Then glue the wheel well in position and let it set up, being sure the vertical alignment is really vertical. Then slide the cockpit into position. With the “wiggle room” created by getting the cockpit floor and wheel well roof thinner, you should be able to squeeze the cockpit tub into proper position. Once you have it in position, then glue it with CA glue and zap it, and hold it while it sets up to be sure it stays in position (that’s because it doesn’t really want to do that, due to molding flaws).
You won’t need a lot of nose weight here to guarantee nose sitting. I put in one medium-sized “cannonball” fishweight and all was well. Put that in ahead of the wheel well. Now carefully align that lower fuselage together, and take the time to get it really right. Then glue the lower seam together. If you did it right, and use hot glue, you won’t have much of a centerline seam (you might even not have one. Now squeeze the upper fuselage together around that @#$%%$#$#@!! Canopy tub, get it aligned, and glue it. You will want to use several large rubber bands to hold all this together. Let it set up completely before further handling.
You now get to discover that the radome is round in section, while the forward forward fuselage is slightly oval. Enough to make things not fit. I glued the radome on, then sanded it to fit the fuselage. It really should be round, but there’s more fuselage than there is radome, and this way you don’t have to rescribe a lot of surface detail from having added putty. Not to mention, no one will notice the cross section of the radome.
Once all this is done, carefully fit the forward fuselage to the rest of the fuselage. You’ll be doing some industrial-strength pushing and shoving here, but be sure that the alignment is such that the vertical line of the forward fuselage really is vertical when you get it in position, and also check that “banana” problem. Run glue around the joint, lots of it. Then use a wide rubber band, “spear” it on the nose and have it wrap around the tail cone. Be certain you haven’t got a “banana” going, and let it set up thoroughly before further handling.
If you have done all this right, you won’t be using much putty, but most likely you will be puttying the centerlines of the forward and aft sections, and the joints bringing the three sections together. With luck, there won’t be much. Again, you don’t have to worry about a fuselage surface for a NMF paint job.
When the fuselage is set up, it’s time for the wings. Once I had them in position and ran glue into the joints, I then wrapped rubber bands around the forward sections of the intakes, and one larger one wrapped around the wingtips, to keep the wings tight against the fuselage while the joint set up. Again, be sure you have proper alignment before leaving it alone to set up.
And then there are the engines. Again, NOTHING FITS. The various panels that fit over the burner cans have gaps, no matter how you play with them to get them right. I ended up using more filler here than I used on the entire rest of the project, and then rescribed things. I glued the inner part to the burner can and wrapped each with a rubber band to get a tight fit. The exterior of the burner cans was painted with Tamiya “Bronze,” “Titanium” and “Gun Metal.”
You’re now headed for the finish line, assembly-wise and with luck, the atmosphere over the workbench is only a light shade of violet, rather than the deep purple with lightning bolts and thunder that I experienced.
I left off the gear and the horizontal stabilizers till after the model was painted and decaled.
|COLORS & MARKINGS|
At the point of painting, my model showed the physical effects of having discovered all those neat little tricks described above “the hard way.” I wanted to hide the thing under a paint scheme that would distract the viewer. Fortunately, I had a photo of the very airplane I was going to do, taken in 1965-66, after 5-6 years of operation in European weather. The Coroguard was “ratty.” And it was multi-hued.
I mixed some Tamiya “Gloss White” with “Flat Aluminum,” and painted the various panel areas on the fuselage. I then masked those, and gave the model an overall coat of Tamiya “Flat Aluminum” from a fresh bottle (nice and smooth). I then made a thinned mix of the “grey aluminum” and “blotched” the upper surfaces of the flat aluminum areas.
I then masked off and painted the “exhaust” area with Tamiya “Titanium” and left it glossy. I gave the rest of the model a coat of Model Master Sealer to keep the surface nice and smooth for decals, without getting it shiny.
The decals go on easily. Be sure to use lots of water on the surface area you intend to place them, because they will grab onto the first dry surface they find and stay there. I only needed a very thin application of Micro-Sol to get the decals to snuggle down. They have a flat(tish) finish that worked perfectly with what I had created, so there was no need for further varnishing.
Then I found out that the mounting pins for the main gear are too big for the holes, which are not deep enough to seat the gear fully, and if you do that, the gear will splay so that you have “duck feet” with the main wheels. I cut off the pins, mounted the main gear legs with CA glue and braced them with the rest of the gear in the well. The gear doors managed to go on without problems.
I slid the engine
exhausts into position and used CA glue to mount them.
I then attached the horizontal stabilizers.
I assembled the
canopy closed because it looks better that way and there is not that much to be
seen inside. You may want to
display yours open if you get the True Details resin Voodoo ejection seats,
which will really improve the look in there.
I attempted to
attach the little vanes that go to the sides of the nose, but they both broke
when cutting them off the sprue.
At least this one didn’t end up where the last two attempted Kitty Hawk projects did. It’s now out in a glass case at Planes of Fame, where no one can see all the trouble, and it looks like an F-101 to any observer.
Thanks to Glen Coleman at Kitty Hawk for the review kit.
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