1/72 Farman F 190
|NOTES:||Scratch-built using plastic card and rod.|
Having built the Farman Jabiru, and the Farman Flying Fish for this website some months ago, I began to surfing for other examples of the Farman aircraft and what soon came up was the F 190, a passenger and utility aircraft built in the 20s and 30s. It was a high-wing conventional monoplane of with enclosed cabin and fixed undercarriage with tail skid. It was very popular both as an air taxi and also a private aircraft. Thirty examples were operated by airlines in France and Europe. Fifteen of these were in the Air France fleet from 1933, and there was an air ambulance version, the F 197S (for "Sanitaire") with two litters and an attendant.
Like every other aircraft of this period, they were also used in the Spanish Civil War, so you can make a camouflaged one if you like.
My model represents the F190 in the markings of Air Union
Lignes d'Orient 1930, Mission d’étude Paris-Hanoi, which flew a route from Paris
to what was then Indo-China, later Vietnam.
The 190 came with a number of engine variants. Mine has the 230 hp five cylinder Gnome Rhone. Many others used a larger Salmson or Hispano Suiza engine.
It is a handsome aircraft with clean square cut lines, which make scratch building all the easier because of few compound curves. Even the windscreen is flat, so there is no need for plunge moulding. A term which grips my entrails with ice cold fingers of steel.
I found a card model website which happened to have free downloadable plans which can be photocopied onto card, and then folded and glued to make a nice looking card model of the Farman. Card modelling does seem to be coming on apace, and I have seen some excellent examples on various websites which could be said to rival their plastic equivalents. Never having tried it, however, I stuck with what I know.
The card cut out model provided very good templates for tacking onto plastic card with some blue-tack and then cutting out. I also used this very nice orange-red example (there are a variety of markings) to make decal markings. Simply put the plans on top of a photocopier and run a blank sheet of decal paper through instead of ordinary paper. It won't print white of course, but that didn't matter here.
The fuselage floor, sides and top were cut out first. Note
that there is a boat-like chine under the nose. A 'pie-slice” can be cut out of
the floor at the nose, pinched together and glued to form the chine.
The round windows must be cut from the sides at this point,
using a drill initially, and then a sharp scalpel.
I decided to detail the interior, and so some seats were put together from card, and then an overhead luggage rack was woven from thin string, some cushions for the seats made in fabric, hand painted a tartan pattern, a magazine rack complete with some scaled down magazines, and a drinks cabinet with a full compliment of 1/72 whisky and gin bottles and glasses made from perspex. Sitting in one of the seats is a fashionable lady clad in furs, with a small lapdog which is a 1/72 Chihuahua. Foolishly I forgot to add interior lights, and so none of this can be seen. And you, dear readers, may now all cry in unison “But it is nice to know that it is there.” The same with the cockpit, although if you shine a powerful torch at the side screen, you can make out that the interior colour is grey.
The wings were made in time honoured fashion. By which I mean a thickish card underside, a rod for the spar laid across the span, abut 1/3 of the chord back from the leading edge, and then some thin card, scored underneath for ribs, with a black biro and steel rule, is first glued to the leading edge, than when set, folded over to the leading edge.
The trailing edge has very small scallops in it. These are best done now. I hadn't noticed them until I had almost finished. As a consequence the upper wings near the tips have some interesting dents in them from being gripped while cutting off the scallops. Careful analysis of existing photos will reveal that most aircraft of this period had dents and ripples all over them, from buffeting in the air, or rough handling on the ground. Alas, mine just looked like dents in a model, so I filled them in as best I could with filler, and left a few for weathering's sake. The tail planes can be cut from solid card, scored for ribs, and elevators, and the rudder made separately
I have not looked at Howard Hawks masterpiece, Only Angels Have Wings, for a long time now. But I have a feeling that the sequence in which a Doctor is flown in, might well have used a Farman F 190. If I am wrong, please don't write to tell me. I plan to watch the film again soon.
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