Revell/Italeri 1/72 Do-24K

KIT #: 04362
PRICE: 15 Euros or so
DECALS: Three options
REVIEWER: Peter Neinhuis
NOTES: Converted to Do-24K. Reboxed Italeri kit


 After the success of the Dornier Wal, the Dutch MLD (Marine Luchtvaart Dienst = Dutch Naval Airforce) was looking for a replacement to take over the duties of the Wal in the Eastern Indies. The replacement should be a full metal 3-engined plane, with maximum speed over 300km/ph and some other details. Sikorsky, Fokker and Dornier designed a plane on these specs, but only Dornier could meet them, so Dornier was chosen to build their design in 1935. Because it was a MLD plane for the East-Indies, the engines to propel the aircraft had to be Wright Cyclones. Dornier started the job, and the Do-24V.3 was the first prototype to get the job finished in time to meet the Dutch contract, because the RLM came with almost the same demands as the Dutch for a new reconnaissance seaplane.

Maiden flight of the V.3 was on July the 2nd 1937 with registration D-ADLP, and after tests it went as X-1 to the Eats-Indies. The Dutch government decided finally to order a total of 96 Do-24K planes, but only 37 were delivered, the last one, X-37 shipped to the East-Indies on the 8th of May 1940. Most of the Dorniers saw action in the East-Indies, but when the withdrawal was completed, only 5 Dorniers were left. They were turned over to the Australian Forces and they were due to service problems soon be replaced by better serviceable material.

The production of the Dutch Dorniers was done by several Dornier factories in Germany and Switzerland, but they were also license built in the Netherlands by Aviolanda and De Schelde, both experienced with full metal plane building and both having close contacts with the Dutch Naval Services. During production, the Do-24 was updated, armament was improved, fuel capacity was enlarged, engines were replaced by more powerful ones. The X-1 to X-12 were armed with 3 7.9 Browning machine guns in 3 similar turrets, but from the X-13 the mid-upper turret had a 20 mm Hispano Suiza 404 fast firing gun in a new designed turret. Nice surprise for the Japanese Forces. Under the outer wings were 6 bomb racks for a bomb load of 4x300 kg bombs, or 6 x 200 kg bombs or 12 x 50 kg bombs. These bomb racks could be removed.

In the mean time the Germans were making plans for producing their own Do-24’s, as Do-24-T1 and later Do-24T2, of course with taking advantage of the Dutch improvements. After the Germans overrun the Netherlands in May 1940, the Germans got hold on 2 complete and un damaged production lines, with one almost completed model (planned X-38). It was tested, and after replacing the engines with BMW Bramo’s with 865 hp, the Do-24K-2 was renamed as Do-24N-1 and delivered to a Seenotstaffel. Production of the Do-24 was from then done by Aviolanda and De Schelde and Fokker under Weser Flugzeug Bau management. Total of the Dutch production was around 180 planes. The Do-24 was also built in several other more or less occupied airplane factories over Europe.

Because of it’s good design, good flying and floating capabilities it remained in SAR service until the late seventies, and the Dornier design teams kept on working on design improvements until the late nineties. A bit like the Douglas DC-3/C-47, the Dornier Do-24 is bit of a never ending story on the water.


Well, there are 2 options. The first, and probably the most sensible, just build the kit straight from the box, and disregard all the misfits, missing details and wrong parts for even a German or Dutch version. The kit has of course some aging problems like sinkholes, scarce details, some flash, but the fit of the kit parts is mostly OK. Take care when you assembly the wing on it’s mounts, the alignment is a bit tricky. Not a shake and bake kit, but one that needs some attention. Since the kit is a T version, who will tell the difference? Everybody who has the right drawings or good detail pictures…….

Second option, take on the dirty job, and rebuild some parts of the kit. For each step, it’s up to you to decide if you take the challenge… For a proper Dutch version the following steps are necessary. Some of them, like the position of all the porthole shaped windows, will look good on the German versions as well.


First, the interior. You can buy a Goffy interior set, or you can adjust the interior with some simple things. The seats are wrong, the Dutch seats didn’t have the headrests, so they can be cut off, you can make a lowered floor between the seats, you can make a floor in the radio-compartment, put some radio racks in there too. A bulkhead in front of the cockpit (behind the instrument panel) and a bulkhead at the end of the radio-compartment will make the most visible parts of the interior complete.

Up to the serious misfits of this kit, the fuselage. All the porthole glass work are on the wrong places. All these will have to be raised 2 mm in upwards direction. The position of the nose turret is also 2 mm to far away from the windshield, and the turret should be 2 mm lowered. That last thing can be done by making some new supports under the lowest supports that are molded in the fuselage halves. The top of the turret can also be removed. For a proper Dutch version, check the number of the plane you want to built. The first batch, X-1 – X-12 had 3 similar turrets on the front, back and rear. All of the type that the kit provides for the front turret only….. The last batch, X-13 - X-37 had a similar nose and rear turret, and the mid-upper turret as the kit provides, with the 20 mm Hispano Suiza gun. A real piece of armament, as some Japanese found out….

To solve the problem of the turrets, you might contact the Revell Department X for replacements, or make your own vac-formed turrets. I was lucky, and recycled my old glass pieces of the first Do-24 I build 30 years ago.

If you have the corrected rear turret, you will need to widen the fuselage on the rear as well, otherwise your new turret won’t fit. A 1,5 mm strip of sheet will do this trick, together with trimming the hole for the turret.

Last piece of glass that needs some adjustments, is the canopy. The hatches on top of it are wrong. You will only need the forward two. So I cut them out, and made a replacement for the canopy roof from some sheet. The middle windows have a strange stripe molded, so cut these out, and replace them with some clear styrene as well.

Next adjustment, is the making of the entrance hatch on the port side of the fuselage on the Dutch versions. You will need to make a hole in the right position, and make a hatch from some thin sheet material, and glue that over the hole. After all the paintjobs, just simple fill the hole with Crystal Clear or so.

The next simple job is getting rid of the ambulance doors for the Dutch version, simply by filling the recessed panel lines that outline them. Another easy job, making the strengthening strips you can see on the pictures of the real thing. They start between the front turret and windshield, and go further behind the canopy until the mid upper turret. You can make them from 1 mm thick sheet, with a height of 0,8 mm. For a proper Dutch version, the next step is to remove the bulge between the mid-upper turret and the tail. Fill the gap with some filler, sand it down and this step is completed.

Last big improvement on the fuselage can be made on the so called “stummels”, those big stabilizing floats on both sides of the fuselage. They were used as floats, and as fuel compartments. The detail that is missing here, are the 8 filler caps for the Dutch planes on each side. The Kit only has one of them on each side, and that is a bit scarce. You can make them by glueing some round pieces of thin trimmed plastic sheet with the right diameter, on the right places.

When you have made these filler caps on the top parts of these stummels, there is some thing else to take care of. The backend of the stummels isn’t as sharp as the kit parts suggest. In fact the back ends were a bit straight. To achieve this, the rear ends will be needing a strip of 1 mm thick plastic sheet. When you glue the under and upper parts together, the small gaps on the sides can be filled with some filler, and sanded down in the right shape.

After that comes the next difficult challenge, getting the shape right were the stummels go into the fuselage. The shape is bit like the way the F-16 wings smoothly transfer into the fuselage. Some layers of filler are needed, and after that, the sanding in the right shape can take part (see image at top of this section). Making a shape of some cardboard for test fitting of the shape can help you out on this. Last, but not least, the stummels will be needing a pair of re-inforcing strips as the fuselage has. Two on each stummel.

Next adjustment to be made on the fuselage, is removing the small hump at the end of the fuselage. That can be cut off, and the small gap you get, can be simply filled with some filler. Sand it down, and the shape is corrected for the Dutch K versions.

Next step, the wing. The hump behind the central engine is to high, and was for the Dutch versions more a lengthened piece of cowling. I drilled a lot of holes around the hump, sanded the inside down, and placed it back in position. After that, some layers of filler were needed to stretch the engine cowling. Sand it down in the right shape, and you can move forward on the central wing piece.

There you will find three inlets, and they all have the wrong shape. They should be round, and with a small strip of sheet can be turned into some real inlets. Carefully sand the right shapes, because there is not very much material to sand down. The inside of the parts will shine through the plastic when you’re ready.

What’s really wrong in this kit, the engines….. The Dutch Dorniers were fitted with Wright Cyclone engines, and the kit has BMW’s… Only right thing about those is the number of cylinders…. To get a real proper Dutch Dornier, you will have to adjust here. Easy way, but not very good looking, take 3 left over engines from that good old Airfix B-17, sand down the raised cooling flaps, put the kit props on them, and glue all this on the engine mounts. A bit more work is adjusting the kit parts. Cut off the front small ring, cut off the oil cooler intakes and also cut off the cooling flaps. Glue a 1 mm thick piece of plastic sheet on the front of the engine cowling, and reshape the cowling front in a more rounded shape. When done, make an opening with a diameter of 10 mm in the centre, and the engine cowling is almost ready. Just fill the gaps where the oil coolers just to be, and sanding down the back end of the cowlings a bit, until the length is good. Well, almost done. Some new oilcoolers can be made of parts cut down before. Shape them in the right way, and place them between the exhausts on top of the cowlings. The inside of the cowlings can be filled with the kit engines, or with some Cyclones you might have in the spare parts department. The kit props are OK, but the spinners are not of the right shape and size. The Dutch spinners were shorter, and didn’t cover the spaces between the prop blades. They also were a bit rounder as the ones in the kit. However, the kit spinner can be easily reshaped for this purpose. Cut the pieces of between the prop blades, and sand the point down in a more rounded shape. Glue the spinners in place, and most of the adjusting is now finally done.

Job almost finished, a minor adjustment, the landing light. That should be rectangular for the Dutch versions, and that can be easily made by making the round hole rectangular, just follow the panel lines here. After that, make a lamp base, make a light inside, and find some thin acetate that can be used as a clear cover of the light.

Last adjustments will be made on the rudders. Again, the shape is a bit the straight on the back ends, they have to be sanded down a bit in a more rounded shape.


There are several scheme’s to choose from. The first batch, roundels, and red-white-blue outside rudders. Plane call sign in big on the fuselage, near the mid turret.

Under surfaces of the fuselage aluminium dope, rest of the plane in “Holland grijs”, or Dutch grey. The tricky thing, what is the corresponding Humbrol number? I went for Humbrol 87 for my kit. That can be a bit on the light side, but it works for me.

After September 1939 the roundels were replaced with orange triangles, with in 1/72 scale a 2 mm semi gloss black outline. Also the outsides of the rudders were in orange with the semi-gloss black outline. Plane numbers in black on the fuselage sides.

However, in the East-Indies, the paint schemes were changed. All under surfaces were painted white, and the top surfaces were painted in dark sea grey. National insignia orange triangles, and orange outside rudders. Small plane number in front of the tail. Later on, the national insignia were changed into rectangular red-white bleu flags, plane number once more in small black markings in front of the tail.

At the Dutch Military Aviation Museum a Dornier Do-24 is displayed in this livery. Decals for this plane are also available at the small museum shop there.


Well, it has been a big job, and I’m not looking forward to do it once more. When you start on making adjustments, you just have to know when to stop…. Of course, there are some aftermarket sets that can deal with some of the problems, but the basic shape of the fuselage is not good enough. As said in the first lines, you can just ignore that, and built the kit straight on. You will have enough fun on the modelling point of view, and you will have a great looking flying boat when you’re finished. With all the decal options Italeri supplied in the past, there might be even one livery that might attract you.


 For some more background, this website is a great starting point:

 Good luck in building your Dornier Do-24!

 Peter Neinhuis

May 2009

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