Did you Know?
---Taking into account all current human religions, there are about 4,200 gods.
---The speed of a cheetah has only been accurately recorded twice. The fastest of the two in the 1960s was 64 mph. A more recent expedition in 2012 did not see speeds above 61 mph.
---An animal that kills more other animals than any other is the blue whale. On the average, it kills 40,000,000 krill a day to stay alive.
---In All the World, There is Only One Spot Where Four Countries Come Together In One Place. That’s the Border Between Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Botswana
---The first recorded use of the term "flying saucer" for an unidentified flying object was to describe a probable meteor that fell over Texas and Oklahoma on June 17, 1930. The highly publicized sighting by Kenneth Arnold on June 24, 1947, resulted in the popularity of the term "flying saucer" by U.S. newspapers.
---Genghis Khan’s campaigns killed over 10% of the world’s population. He invaded and annexed many countries, and literally completely wiped some others off the map. His actions in the Middle East and China could be considered genocidal. He started one of history’s worst plagues, being the first to use biological warfare. This was all done with a relatively small army. To put this in perspective, Mao Zedong killed 4%: Hitler 3.5%; Stalin 2.5%; Winston Churchill 1% (due to his mismanaged colonial policies and refusal to send food during the Bengali Famine of 1943).
---Romans didn’t use slaves as oarsmen. No ancient civilization ever did. It was considered risky because the slaves could mutiny to pirates or enemies. Instead, they used trained sailors.
---During the final British attack on Tirpitz (Operation Catechism), the Tirpitz had rapidly rolled over and buried her superstructure in the sea floor. Directly after they tried to cut through the bottom hull plates to rescue any persons still alive within the hull. Through this effort 82 men got saved.
The wreck of Tirpitz remained in place until after the war. It was bought, together with the heavy cruiser Blucher and 40 other sunken vessels, by a former Norwegian Resistance Fighter, allegedly for total amount of 75.000 kroner. The extraction of the high alloy steel for further civil use was the intended means to fund the demolishing.
His company ran out of money, and had to sell their stake to a German company who continued the demolish operations. Work lasted from 1948 until 1957 and included the building of a movable platform directly next to ship.
When the salvage operation got terminated, roughly 80% of the ship had been recovered, the remaining 20% is stuck deep in the mud, and is mostly from the bow.
The high alloy steel recovered from Tirpitz is valuable due to being one of the few sources of Low-background steel, ie steel produced prior to the detonation of the first atomic bombs in the 1940s and 1950s and ideally having being under water before the Trinity. See Low-background steel
---The history of coffee goes at least as far back as the 10th century, with a number of reports and legends surrounding its first use. The native (undomesticated) origin of coffee is thought to have been Ethiopia. The earliest substantiated evidence of either coffee drinking or knowledge of the coffee tree is from the 15th century, in the Sufi monasteries of Yemen.
---The first video games appeared in the 1960s. They were played on massive computers connected to vector displays, not analog televisions. Ralph H. Baer conceived the idea of a home video game in 1951. In the late 1960s, while working for Sanders Associates, Baer created a series of video game console designs. One of these designs, which gained the nickname of the 1966 "Brown Box", featured changeable game modes and was demonstrated to several TV manufacturers, ultimately leading to an agreement between Sanders Associates and Magnavox. In 1972, Magnavox released the Magnavox Odyssey, the first home video game console which could be connected to a TV set.
---A lunar month is around 2 days shorter than a solar month. In order to "catch up" with the solar calendar, an extra lunar month is inserted every few years. This is why, according to the solar calendar, the Chinese New Year falls on a different date each year.
---Many popular customs associated with Christmas developed independently of the commemoration of Jesus' birth, with certain elements having origins in pre-Christian festivals that were celebrated around the winter solstice by pagan populations who were later converted to Christianity.
---The earliest forms of cigarettes were similar to their predecessor, the cigar. Cigarettes appear to have had antecedents in Mexico and Central America around the 9th century in the form of reeds and smoking tubes. The Maya, and later the Aztecs, smoked tobacco and other psychoactive drugs in religious rituals and frequently depicted priests and deities smoking on pottery and temple engravings. The cigarette and the cigar were the most common methods of smoking in the Caribbean, Mexico, and Central and South America until recent times
---Malta is the smallest nation with an air force or air arm with aircraft capable of carrying weapons.
---The least global religion is Hinduism with 94% of practitioners living in India.
---The Super Tucano is being built in the US by Embraer/Sierra Nevada Corporation as the A-29 for the Afghan Air Force and the Lebanese Air Force.
---The third largest 'religion' is 'unaffiliated', encompassing one in six people in the world. It does not mean these people do not believe in a higher power as 68% of Americans who are unaffiliated do believe in such compared to 7% of Chinese. Source: Pew Research Center.
---Many spices have antimicrobial properties. This may explain why spices are more commonly used in warmer climates, which have more infectious diseases, and why the use of spices is prominent in meat, which is particularly susceptible to spoiling
---It is said that half the world's total nuclear weapons capabilities are held in North Dakota. The place is littered with active missile silos and storage facilities.
--A big lie (German: große Lüge) is a propaganda technique. The expression was coined by Adolf Hitler, when he dictated his 1925 book Mein Kampf, about the use of a lie so "colossal" that no one would believe that someone "could have the impudence to distort the truth so infamously." Hitler falsely claimed the technique was used by Jews to blame Germany's loss in World War I on German Army officer Erich Ludendorff. Similar to the word Libel, originally used as a derogatory false slur against Jews claiming they sacrificed babies, a medieval fear comparable to black cats, and witches. This was later used by Joseph Goebbels who stated in 1941 "The essential English leadership secret does not depend on particular intelligence. Rather, it depends on a remarkably stupid thick-headedness. The English follow the principle that when one lies, one should lie big, and stick to it. They keep up their lies, even at the risk of looking ridiculous." Reference: Wikipedia
---Tinnitus is a common condition, affecting about 10-15% of people. Most, however, tolerate it well with its being a significant problem in only 1–2% of people. The word tinnitus is from the Latin tinnīre which means "to ring".
---More illegal immigrants were deported under the current US administration than any other.
---The clavichord is a European stringed keyboard instrument known from the late Medieval, through the Renaissance, Baroque and Classical eras. Historically, it was mostly used as a practice instrument and as an aid to composition, not being loud enough for larger performances (a problem that was solved when the Clavinet was invented in the mid-20th century). The clavichord produces sound by striking brass or iron strings with small metal blades called tangents. Vibrations are transmitted through the bridge(s) to the soundboard.
---Of the top 200 aces in air to air combat, only 6 are not German and most of those 6 are Finnish.
---The most popular smart phone operating system is Google's Android, used by two thirds of the world's smart phones.
---The cost to wrap (apply full body stickers) to a single NASCAR racer is $2500 to $3500.
---Many NASCAR racers (and other racing cars for that matter) are not painted. They are 'wrapped' using huge vinyl stickers. Video
---The Ericsson R380 (2000) by Ericsson Mobile Communications was the first device marketed as a "smartphone", it combined the functions of a mobile phone and PDA, and supported limited Web browsing with a resistive touchscreen utilizing a stylus.
---Liquid soap was not invented until the nineteenth century; in 1865, William Shepphard patented a liquid version of soap. In 1898, B.J. Johnson developed a soap (made of palm and olive oils); his company (the B.J. Johnson Soap Company) introduced "Palmolive" brand soap that same year. This new brand of the new kind of soap became popular rapidly, and to such a degree that B.J. Johnson Soap Company changed its name to Palmolive.
---The last five star general officer in the US military was Omar Bradley who was awarded his fifth star in 1950. The USAF has never had a five star general as Hap Arnold retired prior to the formation of the USAF.
---Andrew Johnson was the only senator from a Southern state who stayed loyal to the union during the Civil War. President Abraham Lincoln, seeking to reconcile with the South, tapped Johnson, a Democrat, as his vice-presidential running mate in 1864. When Lincoln was assassinated at the war’s end in 1865, Johnson assumed the presidency.
---The first turbofan engine to run was the German Daimler-Benz DB 670 (designated as the 109-007 by the RLM) with a first run date of 27 May 1943.
---The earliest recorded evidence of the production of soap-like materials dates back to around 2800 BC in ancient Babylon. A formula for soap consisting of water, alkali, and cassia oil was written on a Babylonian clay tablet around 2200 BC.
---Of the 192 nations in the world, 123 of them are democracies of some sort or another.
---The term cardboard has been used since at least as early as 1848, when Anne Brontë mentioned it in her novel, The Tenant of Wildfell Hall.The Kellogg brothers first used paperboard cartons to hold their flaked corn cereal, and later, when they began marketing it to the general public, a heat-sealed bag of wax paper was wrapped around the outside of the box and printed with their brand name. This marked the origin of the cereal box.